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HU Research

 

DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS - MASTER'S THESES - MASTER'S ESSAYS

The research done by HU students is both innovative and profound.  Students truly follow their passion in designing a research project or a theme for the Masters Essays.  The Dissertations, Masters Theses and Masters Essays of HU’s graduates are published here for your convenience.  You may download each one as a PDF file.

The links below expand to show a summary of the selected dissertation, where you may then download the PDF file with full dissertation. 

Dissertations and Masters Essays and Theses are listed under the year they were completed.

2015

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    Abstract

    Communitas, Civitas, Humanitas: The Art of Creating Authentic Sense of Community and Spirit of Place - Kathy A. Hastings, ThD

    By understanding the nature of sacred place and man’s interaction with it, and by grasping the needs of community well-being, we can intentionally develop celebrations on a variety of scales that elevate community development potential and help people to experience a greater sense of community pride and togetherness, which fosters better human relations and better relationship between humanity and the planet. This study examined multiple aspects of community spirit development topics including the benefits of community celebrations and their history, the process of identifying unique community identity and spirit of place, the history and role of city centers in developing sense of place and community spirit, the importance of experience to human development, the qualities and technologies of sacred space; and the relationship of levels of celebration to the experience of the proximate self. This exploration was inspired by three needs. First, for the purpose of compiling a curriculum of instruction and training for municipalities and organizations that want to achieve applicable and authentic community goals; second, to expand the knowledge of the events industry regarding community space programming for the enhancement of quality of life; and, third, to gain greater understanding of how differences in development stages can predict what types of public celebrations people of different consciousness levels will attend and enjoy. The study investigated the following discipline range: aspects of the natural world including the elemental world; field of mind (thought field); the nature of human experience and its relation to the senses and memory; sacred geometry and architecture; geomancy; astrology; city center development and management; public space management concepts; various systems related to levels of human consciousnessdevelopment; and, the transpersonal realm.

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  • Abstract

    Near-Death Experience and Its Integrative Imprint - Marie S. Maddox, ThD

    The objective of this research was to examine if near-death experiencers (NDErs) demonstrated increased levels of integrative and holistic wellness as indicated by the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (FFWEL) in comparison to the normative data of the FFWEL. The study sought to identify and study the components that make the NDE population unique, especially in those factors related to the individual and the totality of integrative and holistic wellness as defined by theFFWEL. The study utilized a custom survey administered through the Internet, combining qualitative and quantitative data provided by the Greyson Near-Death Experience Scale (Greyson NDE Scale) and the FFWEL. The Greyson NDE Scale was used as inclusion/exclusion criteria, assisting as a measure of NDE validity as well as categorizing the type of NDE. The Five Factor Wellness Inventory (FFWEL) was employed to evaluate the five factors of wellness and its inclusive subsets as designated by the measurement instrument. Supportive qualitative questions were used for a Pearson correlation between the participant’s perception of integrative wellbeing before and after an NDE and the total wellness scores of the FFWEL. Of the initial 87 participants, 78 individuals met the inclusion/exclusion criteria of the research study, scoring a 7 or higher on the Greyson NDE Scale. Transcendental type NDEs accounted for 37% (29 of 78) of the sample, cognitive 33% (26 of 78), affective 15% (12 of 78), paranormal 3% (2 of 78), and 12% (9 of 78) were scored as unclassifiable. Results from the Pearson correlation, comparing participant’s perceptions of integrative wellness before and after NDE, and the total wellness scores of the FFWEL, showed marginal statistical significance (p<. 08). A one-sample Z-test analysis of each of the five factors of the FFWEL, and its corresponding sub factors, demonstrated statistical significance (p<.0001), as well as total wellness and life satisfaction (p<.0001) scores. The local, institutional, and chronometrical contextual results also indicated statistical significance (p<.0001) with the only variance in the category of global context (p<.0006). Conclusions and suggestions for future research are presented in the final chapter.

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2014

  • ABSTRACT

    Transpersonal Dimensions of Organizational Dynamics - Katherine Hunter, ThD

    It has been said that the only constant thing is change, and to prove this point one needs to look no farther than the American manufacturing plant.  The downturn in the world economy, globalization of business practices, international competition, and the need for expanding markets has pushed manufacturing into reevaluating the base assumptions about operations management.  In this volatile and demanding environment, companies cannot afford to risk strained production resources on short-term improvements only to have the productivity diminish as quickly as it appeared.  Despite the influx and propagation of effective Lean and Six Sigma practices[1], the long-term benefits still elude most organizations.

    The objective of this work is to provide a new methodology leveraging the organizational dynamics that either make or break a site wide transformation.  The project consists of detailing the structured methodology of the Organizational Change Process that addresses the full spectrum of mindsets and behaviors needed to transform an organization from short-term point solutions to a sustainable culture of continuous improvement.  Addressed in this work are the historical context, practical implementation steps, diagnostic, and the operational tools necessary for facilitating transformative organizational change as well as the theoretical framework underpinning the methodology.  The structure of the Organizational Change Process follows a 16-week protocol that includes a site-wide diagnostic evaluation, design of a future-state production system, developing an implementation plan, and management of the implementation phases of the project.  This project draws examples and learnings from a four transformation projects across three distinct manufacturing sites for which the principal investigator served as lead consultant for two sites and in a support role for the third site from January 2011 to January 2012.

     

    “Lean” is shorthand to refer to a lean manufacturing system, of which the Toyota Production System is the foremost example.  “Six Sigma” is a set of business management techniques that was developed at Motorola, USA.  These terms are often used interchangeably to refer to the tools and techniques used to identify non-value-adding processes, eliminate waste, and improve the flow of products through the manufacturing process.  Lean references the process of eliminating waste or non-value added elements.  Six Sigma refers to a numerical integration technique based upon a regression analysis where one Sigma represents one standard deviation from the Mean within the population.  At six sigma, or six standard deviations from the mean, essentially all errors are accounted for. 

     

  • ABSTRACT

    Developing Emotional Resiliency - the Q-Process - 21 Day Intervention - Rima Bonario, ThD

    Modern life places adults under high levels of daily stress, often triggering sub-optimal conditioned responses (habits and patterns of thoughts and behaviors). In addition, high levels of stress have been shown to impair the higher-thinking capacity of the neo-cortex, making well-considered, mindful decisions difficult. Consequently, the ability to cultivate self-compassion and reduced levels of anxiety while examining and transforming the conditioned-self is paramount. This study examined and compared the effects of the 21-day Q Process™ intervention on levels of self-compassion and anxiety during a period of focused self-examination. The 21-day intervention had three components: 1) a 6-hour introductory workshop, 2) a self-guided 21-day practice of completing one work-sheet exercise per day, and 3) three group coaching sessions – held on days 5, 12 and 17. The intervention was intended to facilitate greater resilience as demonstrated by increased self-compassion before, during, and after emotionally triggering moments, as well as a reduction in overall anxiety. A randomized experimental design was utilized with a co-gender group of volunteers: male (n = 22), female (n = 76) between the ages of 21 and 70, randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 44) and a control group (n = 54). The study design included controlling for the variable of years of spiritual study so that both groups had balanced levels of experience from 0 – 30 years. All participants were given a pre and post-test on two measures: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) two days prior to and two days after the intervention. There was a statistically significant (p< .001) decrease in both the state and trait anxiety and an increase of self-compassion of the intervention group as compared to the control group, with a CI of 100%. The results justify larger studies. Suggestions for future studies are included.

    Keywords: Self-compassion, self-awareness, mindfulness practices, anxiety, resilience, self-regulation, State Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI, Self-Compassion Scale, SCS.

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2013

  • ABSTRACT

    Comparing The Effects of Intentionally Induced and Focused, Human Emotional Energy Fields, Valued and Devalued, on Living Organisms – An Exploratory Study Using Brassica Rapa Seeds - Monte Pat Mohr, ThD

    Objective:  The objective of the study was to determine the effects that intentionally induced and focused “valued” (Valued) and “devalued” (Devalued) Human Emotional Energy Fields might have on living organisms.  The theory behind the study was based on the concept that Human Emotional Energy Fields are shared amongst humans and also amongst all living organisms and are a normal part of our biological nature.  This vibrating field of emotional energy interpenetrates and influences our sense of self and our well-being.  Although studies of focused intention always include mental aspects of consciousness, this study focuses specifically on the emotional aspects of consciousness in order to determine whether or not, and in what ways, intentionally induced Human Emotional Energy Fields, Valued and Devalued, might have on living organisms – specifically plants.  In this study Valued energy fields refer to expressed/felt emotions such as happiness, peace, joy, love, acceptance, willingness, and courage.  Devalued energy fields refer to expressed/felt emotions such as pride, anger, desire, fear, apathy, guilt, hate, and shame.  Various combinations of these energies represent levels that are expressed through our Human Emotional Energy Fields. 

    Design:  The study consisted of one hundred twenty Brassica Rapa seeds randomly selected and planted in three separate grow boxes of forty plants each.  The Brassica Rapa was chosen for its ability to grow from seed to full maturity in 30 to 35 days and is the standard plant used in Botanical Research.  The plant groups consisted of a control group, a group exposed to intentionally induced Valued human emotional fields and a group exposed to intentionally induced Devalued human emotional fields.  The time period covered in this study was five weeks.  Twice a week for five weeks, four persons referred to as “senders,” called in via the telephone to view a photograph of each grow box given to them at the beginning of the study and silently “send” for seven minutes, at separate times, Valued and Devalued emotional energies evoked from their own personal histories to each group of seeds once a week.  Each Valued and each Devalued intervention was scheduled on the same day, separated by a ten to fifteen minute debriefing between Valued and Devalued interventions.  

    Outcome measures:  Using a Welch Two Sample t-test and a 0.05 level of significance (95% confidence), there was a statistically significant difference between Valued Group A and Control Group B, and between Devalued Group C and Control Group B.  However, there was not a statistically significant difference between Valued Group A and Devalued Group C.

    Results:  Using a statistical test with a 5% error rate, both the Valued and Devalued plant groups had a lower maximum plant height than the Control group, but were not statistically different from each other.  Interestingly there was a significant difference between the two test groups and the Control group indicating perhaps that, because they were left alone, the plants in the control group grew more robust.  Possible theories about this result will be discussed in the body of the dissertation.

    Key Words:  Human Emotional Energy Fields, Intention, Non Local Effect, Valued Emotions, Devalued Emotions, Brassica Rapa aka Wisconsin Fast Plants.

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  •  

    ABSTRACT

    The Therapeutic Psychosomatic Effects of the Philosophy of the Historical Jesus of Nazareth - James Gaither, ThD

    Objectives: (1) To explore the possibility that Jesus could be classified as a philosopher by comparing “authentic sayings” of Jesus to philosophies of his era. (2) To test for effects of listening to sayings attributed to Jesus on peripheral skin temperature and self-reported emotional states.

    Design and setting: Jesus’ “authentic sayings” were compared in content and style with the Greek philosophical schools of Cynics, Stoics, and Pythagoreans, as well as with the Chinese philosophies of Taoism and Moism. Jesus’ philosophy was examined for elements related to research in holistic health methods.  The study recorded peripheral skin temperature while participants listened to recordings in church office spaces and used a pre-test and post-test administration of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Profile of Mood States (Brief form).

    Participants: Adult volunteers (N = 68) from two Unity Churches, 64% females and 36% males.

    Results: Clear similarities in content and style were found between Jesus’ philosophy and the philosophies of Cynicism, Stoicism, Pythagoreanism, Taoism and Moism. Parallels were found between Jesus’ philosophy and holistic therapy methodologies.  Peripheral skin temperature of participants increased significantly (p < .01) while listening to recordings, indicating some had relaxation responses.  Self-reported anxiety traits decreased significantly (p < .01) after listening to recordings, especially for those who listened to recording of “Authentic sayings of Jesus.”  Self-reported anxiety states and other negative emotions similarly decreased after listening to recordings, but not to a statistically significant degree.  

    Conclusions: Preliminary evidence suggests that (1) Jesus could be classified as a philosopher whose philosophy had therapeutic effects and (2) listening to the “authentic sayings” of Jesus and possibly other types of literature can help reduce anxiety states and induce stress relieving meditation states.  Results indicate that research into effects of listening to different types of wisdom literature could produce methods beneficial to emotional and physical health.

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  • Abstract

    An Analysis of the Effects of Somatic Archaeology Sessions:  A retrospective Study - Roberta (Ruby) Gibson, ThD

    The purpose of this study is to explore the capacity of Somatic Archaeology to identify and reconcile intergenerational somatic/emotional patterns.  Somatic Archaeology (SA) is a specific therapeutic approach designed by the Principal Investigator (PI) to mediate and reduce detrimental effects and augment positive characteristics of these patterns.  In this approach, familial, cultural, religious, environmental and epigenetic influences are somatically explored using a method designed to inform and empower people to create wellness for themselves, and to thereby change patterns passed on to their child(ren).  This study is retrospective, in that participants were recruited and assessed based on their experience of an SA session with a certified Somatic Archaeologist within the past four years. Measures of change are assessed based on first-hand client experiences during that SA session. Text analysis patterns derived from questionnaires completed by study participants are used to identify and measure common linguistic patterns of response organized within five major LIWC areas of Psychological Processes: #1) affect; #2) relativity; as well as #3) cognitive, #4) perceptual, and #5) biological. Statistical analysis of the study utilizes a total of nine, word categories under these major Psychological Processes as they appear in the answers of a questionnaire completed by participants who had received a Somatic Archaeology session within the last four years.  The nine, word categories in the questionnaire responses were then measured against the Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC) control group to calculate a mean value and a Z-test was performed to assess an increase or decrease in word usage according to the categories chosen. Results from the LIWC analysis showed that the SA protocol yielded statistically significant increase in word usage ranging from (p<.05) to (p<.001) in all word categories except causation, anger and time.  Results from causation, anger, and time were not statistically significant.  Also analyzed are answers to individual questionnaires based on participants’ self-identified, self-reported experience of new truths, perceived benefits, and kincentric awareness.  The analysis of these questionnaires uses a numerical scale (1-10) to describe results.

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  • Abstract

    Masters Essays: Essays on the Healing Continuum - R. Leah Moon, ThM

    Growth dictates we are in a constant state of “realigning.” The apparent chaos is just that. Underlying, unseen is an exactness preparing to rise like the phoenix from the illusion of ashes. It is a precise process in which we are the witness of the results: the butterfly emerging to flap its wings to be felt round the world. We are both the process and the witness.
    ESSAY 1: Values, Education, Physics, and Philosophy in a Healer’s Evolution: A Case for Values in the Curriculum through Observing History, Physics, and Philosophy. This essay takes the stance, my position as a licensed teacher, that history, philosophy, and the immutable laws of physics support the reasons why it is imperative to teach values in the schools as well as in every level of our societal life. Therefore, this first essay has evolved into an ethical defense for teaching values in the school.
    ESSAY 2: Naturopathy in a Healer’s Evolution. What is a naturopath? What is naturopathy? What can it do for me? What can I expect? What do all these words mean? How do I know if it will help me? How do I know which method or combination of them to use? Many questions need many answers. This essay serves as a beginning resource for those interested in learning how naturopathy can help them in framing a healthy forward-moving lifestyle. It is my intention to provide a fun, educational, and easily accessible information tool, rich with references that will propel readers forward to find more answers to their questions.
    ESSAY 3: Multimodalities in a Healer’s Evolution. Our world is changing faster than we can take historical notation into print. As energy healers in this time, we need an equally expansive set of tools to help our clients. Our fast-moving, high-tech, chemically driven world has left us with a whole new set of physical and emotional issues that we could not have conceived of a century ago. In this essay, we see that these new “complexed” illnesses and diseases call for an innovative arsenal of healing techniques to be added to the healer’s repertoire.
    ESSAY 4: The Healing Continuum Evolving—Summary of the Three Essays: #1 Values, Education, Physics, and Philosophy in a Healer’s Evolution: A Case for Values in the Curriculum through Observing History, Physics, and Philosophy; #2 Naturopathy in a Healer’s Evolution; and #3 Multimodalities in a Healer’s Evolution. The three previous essays, plus this fourth one, are a set of plot points connecting my evolution on the path as a healer and healee. The ending of the old cycle and the beginning of the new are heralded by the scientist, the mathematician, the explorer, the philosopher, and the theologian having finally crested the mountaintop at the same time to converge into an unbroken consciousness of wholeness.

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2012

  • Abstract

    The Therapeutic Effect of Symbolic Intuitive Sessions on Anxiety and Charactaristics of Wellness - Melissa Ann Ruprecht, ThD

    This study examined changes in levels of anxiety and wellness through the application of a specific protocol using intuited symbols discerned by the principal investigator on the behalf of thirty-five research participants. The objective was to discern the effect of accessing and conveying symbolic information to participants in order to stimulate a more synthesized and holistic perception of personal reality. The hypothesis was that new perspectives arising from a Symbolic Intuitive Session™ (SIS™) would catalyze positive personal changes in the participants.
    The SIS™ may be viewed as a process for bringing forth guidance from the collective unconscious as described in C. G. Jung’s work on symbols and archetypes. The SIS™ can also be viewed as an approach for connecting to the ‘Higher Self’ or ‘Divine Guidance’ in order to facilitate growth and healing. The steps of the SIS™ research protocol included symbol discernment, presentation of symbols to participants, participant reflection and journaling on the symbols, quantitative test measures and an hour long telephone discussion using a preset discussion guide to collect additional qualitative data in an audio recorded conversation.
    The SIS™ study was a mixed methods study that used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Quantitative data was collected from two psychometric test mechanisms; the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (FFWEL). The qualitative phenomenological perspectives were derived from the analysis of audio-taped telephone sessions, qualitative observation and feedback, and participant journal and email commentary. The SIS™ project employed the general approach of a quasi-experimental research design with the sub-type of single group and did not use a control group. The quasi-experimental research design emphasized test measurement as primary and observation and documentation as additional methods of analysis. The design was deployed with a three-period, one intervention protocol.
    In Period One, the STAI and FFWEL were administered to establish a baseline for participants. During Period Two, the SIS™ intervention was facilitated and the STAI and FFWEL were administered one day after the intervention. Period Three occurred two weeks after the SIS™ intervention when the STAI and FFWEL were administer for the third and final time. Results from the STAI inventory showed that the SIS™ protocol yielded statistically significant lower levels of both State Anxiety (p<.02) and Trait Anxiety (p<.003). Results from the FFWEL indicated statistically significant improvements in Work (p<.05), Stress Management (p<.05), Positive Humor (p<.02), and Institutional Context (p<.003). Qualitative analysis strongly supported the quantitative determinations and provided further insights on the effects of the study. The concluding chapter presents future research suggestions. .

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  • Abstract

    The Efficacy of Abdominal Self-Massage in the Treatment of Adult Constipation: A Randomized Controlled Trial- Silke Greiner, ThD

    This study examined the effects of abdominal self-massage on stool symptoms, frequency of bowel movements, and perceived quality of life. The research utilized a quasi experimental 2x4 pre-test/post-test control group design with block randomization. The convenience sample included seventy-two adults, aged twenty-six to eighty-two, who met the Rome III diagnostic criteria for constipation and began the study. Twenty-nine participants of the control group and thirty-five participants of the intervention group completed the study. The depended variables used included the Bristol Stool Form Scale, Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM), Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL), and Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI). The independent variable consisted of fifteen minutes of daily abdominal self-massage, employed by the intervention group for the duration of four weeks. A two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for data analysis. General Quality of Life (p≤.05) and Constipation-Related Quality of Life (p≤.01) reached statistical significance. Notable subscales were Worries and Concerns (p≤.01), Satisfaction (p≤.05), Self-control (p≤.05), and Vitality (p≤.05). The intervention group also showed a significant decrease in abdominal symptoms (p≤.01). No significant findings were noted in the frequency of bowel movements and stool symptoms. The control group showed no significant change over the ten week period. These finding support the hypothesis that abdominal self-massage increases the quality of life in adults suffering from constipation. The findings reject the hypotheses that abdominal self-massage decreases stool symptoms and increases the frequency of bowel movements. Discussions, conclusions, and recommendations for future research are included. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Emotive Writing on Anxiety and Spiritual Well-being - Marsha Alayne Mott Moldenhauer, ThM

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Emotive Writing on anxiety and spiritual well-being using specific emotion-related words. Words hold memories and memories hold emotion. Negative emotion, when based on subconscious content, can contribute to feelings of fear, unease, and worry, producing anxiety and interfering with well-being. This study focused on writing within the framework of an emotion first, leading the participant to the memory of the event/situation. This study was conducted over the internet, as a pretest/posttest two-tailed study, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as a measure of state and trait anxiety, and the Spiritual Index of Well-Being (SIWB) as a measure of well-being relating to self-efficacy and life scheme. These tests were administered prior to and after the completion of four written assignments consisting of four sets of paired emotion-related words. Twenty participants were recruited from the Springfield, Missouri, area and the Holos University Graduate Seminary community; fifteen (n=15) completed the four assignments and the pre/post-test measurements. All volunteers were given identical assignments of paired emotion-related words and asked to write for at least thirty minutes per emotion–related word. Although the writings remained private and were not submitted for examination, compliance was assumed by the completion and submission of a question summary after each assignment. Participants did not receive feedback from the writing assignments, assessment measures or completed summaries. All participants were assigned random numbers and as such, remained anonymous to the Primary Investigator. Quantitative measures did not produce statistically significant results in the SIWB. Overall results for the STAI were statistically significant at p ≤ .01. The results for State-Anxiety were significant at p ≤ .03 and for Trait-Anxiety at p ≤ .01. This study suggests that cognitive processing through Emotive Writing can have beneficial effects on both state and trait anxiety and that Emotive Writing, targeting emotion-related words, can be beneficial in an “every day” environment. .

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  • Abstract

    Assessment of Changes in Brainwave Patterns and Physiological Markers of Subjects Receiving Healing Touch A Randomized Controlled Trial - Denise Anthes

    This study evaluated the impact upon the physiology and state of consciousness of recipients of Healing Touch offered by a certified practitioner. Healing Touch (HT) uses gentle hand movements on or near the body, to clear and balance human energy fields. Reduction in stress and pain are well documented benefits for recipients of Healing Touch. Some studies have focused on changes in physiology of practitioners or recipients. Little is documented on the effects on states of consciousness of participants of Healing Touch and other biotherapies. This was a randomized controlled study of 68 subjects. Fifty-six percent of the subjects were female; forty four percent male. Age range was eighteen to ninety-one years. The study measured changes in five parameters: electroencephalography (EEG), skin conductivity, blood volume and pulse (BVP), respiration, and temperature. These measurements were recorded constantly during each twenty-eight minute session. Additionally, the procedure consisted of recording two minute baseline EEG readings: with eyes closed, then with eyes open. Then the Control Group relaxed for twenty minutes while the Intervention Group received a twenty minute ‘dose’ of Healing Touch. The session concluded with a repetition of two minute baseline EEG recording with eyes closed, then two minutes with eyes open. The intervention group had increased activation in all brainwaves patterns. There was a statistically significant difference (p = .03) in the decrease in anxiety of the intervention group as compared to the control group, with a CI of 95%. The results justify larger studies. Suggestions for future studies are included. . .

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2011

  • Abstract

    The Up-Lifting Effects of Poetry- Linda Fairbrother Matondi, ThD

    The purpose of this study was to show that following an interaction with poetry adults 18 years and upward would demonstrate measurable improvement in their feelings of well-being as measured by the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and in self-actualization as measured by the Personal Inventory Index (POI). A pretest, post test, control group design was employed. Sixty-five randomly chosen subjects were randomly divided into two groups. All participants completed one measure of mood, (STAI) and one measure of self-actualization, (POI). The experimental group then participated in a three-part interaction with poetry and the control group read academic information about poetry. Following the interventions, participants repeated the STAI and the POI. For the experimental group, the STAI measure indicated statistical significance in change in the State aspect of the test (p< 0.015). Change in the Trait aspect was measureable but not statistically significant. The POI indicated that the experimental group experienced small increases in the categories of inner-directed independent and self-supportive attitudes, existentiality, feeling reactivity, self-regard and self-acceptance. The control group experienced increases in inner direction, existentiality, feeling reactivity, self regard, nature of man constructive, synergy, acceptance of aggression and capacity for intimate contact. The study suggested that interaction with poetry did have the power to significantly increase feelings of well-being at that moment and to increase several categories of self-actualization. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Healing Touch on Anxiety in Women Undergoing a Breast Biopsy- Deborah Rae Goldberg, ThD

    This randomized research study’s objective was to determine, through scientific measurement, the relationship between Magnetic Clearing (MC), a Healing Touch modality, the impact of the resulting scores of coping strategies, and anxiety in women undergoing a breast biopsy. Seventy-three women were randomized into two groups: (A) Control Group (CG) n=31 and (B) Intervention Group (IG) n=42. The (IG) received standard care and one fifteen-minute (MC) session prior to the biopsy procedure. The (CG) received standard care.
    The Nurse Navigator set up the two psychological measurement inventories: the Coping Resources Inventory (CRI) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). A Mixed ANOVA was used to interpret the STAI and the CRI. There were three data collection points, pre-biopsy, post-biopsy, and the following day. The State Anxiety for the (IG) showed a statistically significant reduction of anxiety that maintained into the following day F(2,142)=10.94, p<.001. In Trait Anxiety there was a marginal change pre-and post-intervention to the day after F(2,142)=5.15, p<.007. The CRI had significant changes in two sub-categories for the (IG): the Emotional category shows a F(2,142)=6.10, p=.003) and the Spiritual/Philosophical category shows F(2,142)=6.10, p<.001.
    The Nurse Navigator collected the data from two time periods for the three biological measurements or vital signs. The Mixed ANOVA showed (IG) respiratory rate at F(1,70)=21.05, p<.001, (IG) and (CG) pulse rate showed no significance at F(1,71)=2.98, p=.08, and the (IG) blood pressure, systolic rate, showed F(1,71)=21.46, p<.001.
    Additional research findings are presented in Chapter 4. Discussions, conclusions, and suggestions for future research are included in Chapter 5. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of a Body-Focused Healing Modality on Levels of Self-Actualization and Orgasm Consistency - Kristina Kincaid, ThD

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Core Energetics, a body-focused healing modality, on levels of self-actualization and orgasm consistency. The participants consisted of two groups of 31 students: 31 participants were students in the first two years of the Core Energetic four-year practitioner training program or two year transformational program and 31 participants were graduates of the four-year practitioner training program. Participants ranged in age from 31 to 71 years old. Self-actualization was measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI). Orgasm consistency was measured by the Orgasm Consistency Scale (OCS). Both tests were administered for both groups at the start of the beginning students’ training year. The data was analyzed using an ordinary variance analysis. The results indicated that there was an overall significant increase in levels of self-actualization at the p < 0.01 level (one-tailed) in 12 of the 14 scales of the POI for graduate students who had undergone the four-year training compared to the group of undergraduate students entering the Core Energetics programs. There was not a statistically significant increase in levels of orgasm consistency among students who had completed the four-year training over those just entering the program. Male graduates and undergraduates scored higher than female graduates and undergraduates on the Orgasm Consistency Scale. .

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  •  Abstract

    Spirit Communications: Experiments with Mediums - Karla Baker Curtis, ThD

    This quintuple-blind study assessed the accuracy of information conveyed by mediums, in a protocol that eliminated any sensory input, fraudulent behavior, or the use of “cold reading” techniques. If mediums provide accurate information under these conditions, it indicates they are receiving information from an anomalous source. Twenty-four telephone readings were done using a proxy sitter, with the mediums being given only the first name of a discarnate (a deceased person). Neither the proxy sitter nor the medium knew any information about the discarnate other than the first name, and neither knew any information about the sitter who had selected the discarnate. Six professional mediums participated and each conducted four readings. The 24 sitters were paired into 12 groups, with each group having discarnates of the same gender. After the readings were completed, the sitters received two readings: one from their discarnate (the intended reading) and one from the other discarnate in their group (the control reading). Each sitter provided three ratings for these readings: accuracy (with an overall numerical score between 0 and 6), selection of the reading most like their discarnate (A or B), and an applicability score for the selected reading (a numerical score between 0 and 4). The result of a one-tailed t-test comparing the numerical score average for the intended readings (2.3) and average for the control readings (1.9) was not significant (p<0.05), although the results were significant for some of the individual mediums. Sixteen sitters selected their intended reading, more than expected due to chance (which predicts 12), but not enough to be significant using a chi-square test (p<0.05). A discussion of results and suggestions for future studies are included.
    Keywords: mediums, sitters, discarnates, anomalous information, accuracy of mediumship readings .

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  • Abstract

    Event-Enfolded time - Ralph Bauer, ThM

    Masters Essays:

    1) Introduction 
    2) The Planes 
    3) How Events Happen- and Why 
    4) Meaning 
    5) Multiple Meanings 
    6) Perspectives of the Selves 
    7) The Seed of the Event 
    8) Scientific Considerations 
    9) Coherence 
    10) Time Structures Time Streams 11) Conclusion 

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  • Abstract

    Masters Essays - Spiritual Healing- Suzann C. Brune, ThM

    Essay #1: Spiritual Healing - Awakening the Pineal Gland
    Essay #2: Spiritual Healing - Kundalini Energies
    Essay #3: Spiritual Healing - Reiki
    Essay #4: Spiritual Healing - Integrating the first three Essays

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  • Abstract

    Four Essays on the Natural Science of Oral Teachings - Guy Gilleshammer AKA Lone Eagle, ThM

    Older lifestyles were often called a religion by academic sciences and to reframe the limiting definition, I will refer to the overall makeup of the Natural Science as a cosmology. An Oral Cosmology is then defined as the overall essence by which an individual or group is wired, orientated, and functions as a Whole. By this definition, an Oral Cosmology is organically generated from the individuals that make up the Whole consciousness of an area as they evolve learning and experiencing life. The essence of these essays is to introduce a Natural Science of Oral Teaching as they are developed into a cosmology.
    Why this is important is the emerging trend to return to simpler ways of living with natural transformation as part of the aging process. The Oral Teachings that I present later in the document are the basis for studying the effects on health, happiness, purpose, and a sense of belonging to a greater Whole. The essays present circular models as a reflection of a cosmology. The purpose is to frame that we are part of a whole circular moving universe but we typically live like it is flat. .

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  • Abstract

    Drawing the Unconscious: A Study to Examine the Effects of a Metaphoric Life Portrait to Reduce Anxiety and Enhance Well-Being - Faith Marie Burris, ThD

    The objective of this study was to substantiate the importance of providing individuals with a more synthesized, holistic perception of their reality by helping them retrieve subconscious metaphoric information that could then be viewed from the perspective of both superconscious and conscious awareness. The hypothesis was that these new perspectives would catalyze positive personal changes. This study sought to accomplish the above through the implementation of a Metaphoric Life Portrait™ (MLP™). The MLP™ can be perceived as representing past life memories, archetypal images from Jung’s collective consciousness, or even, unconscious characteristics and qualities within the participants’ personalities. This study was a mixed methods study as it combines quantitative data with supportive material, specifically audio-taped telephone interviews and anecdotal feedback, illustrating qualitative points. The first aspect of the research design was based on three telephone interviews, using a preset discussion guide to collect qualitative data in an audio recorded format from thirty volunteers. The Principal Investigator (PI) created a Metaphoric Life Portrait™ (also referred to as “the portrait”) following the preliminary interview. The portrait, following a brief self-awareness exercise, was introduced to the participant during the first follow-up interview. A final interview was conducted two weeks later. The verbal data from the audio-taped telephone interviews, along with anecdotal feedback were reviewed by the PI for subjective experiential data. The hypothesis was that a MLP™ reduces adults’ levels of anxiety and enhances their physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being.
    The State –Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used to measure anxiety levels. Baseline data were collected using the STAI immediately prior to the first telephone interview. The intermediate test was administered the next day following the introduction of the portrait and the posttest was administered two weeks later. The Change and Transformation Assessment (CATA), a posttest only, measuring physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being, was also administered with the STAI posttest. Demographic data were analyzed from Personal History Information forms.
    Results showed that the method used for participants receiving a MLP™ demonstrated statistically lower levels of both state anxiety (p<.05) and trait anxiety (p<.001) two weeks after receiving the intervention. Correlational results from the CATA suggest that the method used for participants receiving a MLP™ has a positive effect on their physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellbeing, particularly in the areas of awareness, openness, transformation and spirit. Qualitative reports also strongly suggest that changes did occur. Conclusions and suggestions for future research are provided. .

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2010

  • Abstract

    The Effects of the Creative Holistic Integration Process on Physiological Coherence and Wellbeing in Trauma-Exposed Sri Lankan Youth - Suchinta Abhayaratna Wijesooriya, ThD

    This study examined the effects of the Creative Holistic Integration (CHI)™ process on physiological coherence and perceptions of wellbeing in trauma-exposed Sri Lankan youth.
    The five-minute intervention had two components: 1) A scripted guided visualization using the Wholeness Mandala and, 2) heart-centered deep breathing combined with a breath mantra. The intervention was intended to facilitate centering in the heart and breath, and to create an awareness of connection and interaction between the individual and the whole universal energy system, in order to observe effects on the individual.
    A randomized experimental design with repeated measures was utilized with male (n = 23) and female (n = 35) volunteers between the ages of 12 and 24, randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 29) and a control group (n = 29). The protocol was carried out individually with each participant, and included one, thirty-minute session divided into three, ten-minute segments of activity and data collection. During each segment, Coherence Ratio (CR) data were recorded for five minutes on the emWavePC computer program. After each segment, participants recorded perceptions of their own physical, emotional, mental and spiritual wellbeing on the Subjective Units of Distress (SUD) scale, and verbally answered two qualitative questions on physical sensations and thoughts.
    The intervention group showed statistically significant improvements in physiological coherence (P = .001), and perceptions of wellbeing, SUD scale (P = .003) while the control group showed little or no change in the repeated measures. Qualitative data provided information on participants’ inner experience related to the quantitative data.
    The findings of this study support the hypothesis that the Creative Holistic Integration (CHI)™ process can significantly improve physiological coherence, and perceptions of wellbeing in a population of trauma-exposed Sri Lankan youth. Keywords: creative, holistic, integration, chi, wholeness, mandala, universal energy, physiological coherence, Sri Lanka, youth, trauma, stress, Subjective Units of Distress Scale, SUDS, emWavePC. viii .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Self-Massage on Osteoarthritis of the Knee - Dorothea Atkins, ThD

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of self-massage on reported pain, stiffness, function and limited range of motion in individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Both the knee joint and the quadriceps muscle have been reported to potentially affect symptoms and progression of knee OA. Massage has been well documented as an effective therapeutic intervention for various musculoskeletal conditions; however, the use of self-massage for OA of the knee has not. Of the 42 adults with doctor-diagnosed knee OA, 40 were randomly assigned to either an intervention (n=21) or a wait list control (n=19) group. The study consisted of 10 supervised and 3 unsupervised self-massage intervention therapies, and a control group of 4 supervised no intervention therapies. Data was collected at baseline, twice per week for eight weeks and at follow-up on the twelfth week. Outcome measures for both the right and left knee consisted of the Western Ontario and McMaster's Osteoarthritis Index™ (WOMAC) and knee range of motion (ROM) using a goniometer. All changes in pain, stiffness, function and ROM for the treatment group were statistically-significantly different from baseline. For the control group there were no statistically-significantly changes from baseline as all p_values were greater than 5%. The study results showed that participants who have OA of the knee may benefit from the self-massage intervention therapy and consistent self-massage therapy may equate to more improved results. Further studies are needed to clarify the long-term effects of self-massage on the progression and symptoms of OA of the knee. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Distant Healing Performed by a Spiritual Healer on Type 2 Diabetes: a Randomized Controlled Trial - Kenjiro Tsubono, ThD

    Many people suffer from type 2 diabetes. No randomized controlled studies on distant healing for type 2 diabetes were found in the published literature. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of distant healing performed by a professional Japanese healer on type 2 diabetes subjects in North America. People suffering from type 2 diabetes were recruited in Springfield, Missouri and Boulder, Colorado through local radio advertising, newspaper advertising, and announcements at diabetes support group meetings. Subjects were randomly assigned to the treatment group (N=14) or the control group (N=13) using a double-blind procedure. All subjects met the healer at the initial session in which a 20-minute group meditation was performed. The healer went back to Japan after the session and started distant healing only to the treatment group for a four-month period by using the list of their names and photos. The outcome measures included the Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, the Diabetes Symptom Checklist-Revised (DSC-R), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). Comparison of pre-treatment and post-treatment HbA1c levels and the STAI Y-2 scores (“trait” anxiety levels) showed a significant effect of distant healing (P=.029 and P=.047). The DSC-R, the STAI Y-1 (“state” anxiety levels), and the SDS scores showed improvement in the treatment group, but the difference between both groups was not statistically significant. Additional interesting findings are presented. Implications and future research recommendations are included. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Directed Acupressure Point Holding Combined with Mental Imagery on Female College Swimmers™ Timed 50 Meter Speeds - Verna Pearl Hagen, ThD (Dr. Ena Pearl)

    The purpose of this quantitative research study was to determine whether female college team swimmers demonstrate a significant improvement in their timed 50 meter freestyles speeds after two, one-hour sessions of directed acupressure points holding combined with mental imagery from an experienced practitioner. The intervention of directed acupressure points holding combined with directed imagery was used in two sessions given during a one-week period. The mental imagery in the first session was directed toward each swimmer’s worst experience(s) as a swimmer. The mental imagery of the second session was directed toward their upcoming swimming competition. The research subjects consisted of the entire college swim team, fifteen females between the ages 18 to 21. They were distributed, by convenience, into the experimental or control group. All participants completed the study. Each of the individuals in the experimental group received two sessions, one hour in duration each, for a total of two hours. Before the intervention, each swimmer’s 50 meters freestyle and stroke of choice were timed and recorded. The week after the intervention, each swimmer’s times were again recorded. Data were measured using a repeated measure design. Results indicated no measurable improvement in the swimmers’ 50 times in the experimental group. The intervention was replicated with the control group, which received the same protocol the following week. This second group did show a measurable improvement in their times. No improvement was measured using the self-evaluation tool State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) with either group. This study suggests that an experienced practitioner using directed acupressure point holding combined with mental imagery may have a measurable effect on female college swimmers’ timed 50 speeds. 

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of “the Drone” and Inviting Angel Intervention on Seed Germination - Edith Skalitzky

    The purpose of this study is to measure the effects of playing “The Drone” CD (the musical interval of the perfect fifth) on seed germination and the effects of inviting angels to participate in the germination of the seeds. A series of experiments were conducted in a small greenhouse using Organic Certified “Black Beauty” zucchini seeds. The study consisted of three groups of seeds: a control group, a group exposed to

    “The Drone” CD, and a group exposed to the invitation of angels. The pre-test post-test design was utilized. Each group had 200 seeds for a total of 600 seeds. Five groups of 40 seeds were germinated in Petri dishes which were placed in a small greenhouse. Every 12 hours the seeds that had sprouted were counted and digital photographs were taken. The temperature and humidity were also monitored and automatically recorded every 12 hours. The experiments took place over nine twelve hour periods. There was a slight difference in the percentage of seeds that germinated between each of the three groups. However there was only a marginally statistically significant finding according to the multivariate test known as Roy’s Largest Root.

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  • Abstract

    The Biologic Effects of Heart-Generated Coherence and Focused Intention on Distilled Water Using Plant Growth as a Measure - Jane Simmons, ThD

    This study examines and compares, against a control, the biologic effects of two interrelated interventions using plant growth as an objective measure. Both interventions involved the participation of the same eight Heart-Generated Coherence (HGC) practitioners utilizing the HeartMath technique of Heart Lock-In for the purpose of creating heart-generated coherence. Both interventions used distilled water to hydrate wheat seeds as they grew into plants over a 16-day growth period. In the first intervention, containers of distilled water were placed out of sight within 37 inches of the HGC practitioners, without their knowledge, while they practiced the above HeartMath technique. This water was used to hydrate 54 wheat seeds in Plant Group A (PG-A) during the 16-day growth period. In the second intervention, containers of distilled water were placed in sight within 37 inches of the same eight HGC practitioners who practiced the HeartMath technique while also focusing on a specific written intention directed toward the water for healthy plant growth. This water was used to hydrate 54 wheat seeds in Plant Group B (PG-B) during the 16-day growth period. A control group of 54 wheat seeds in Plant Group C (PG-C) were hydrated with distilled water not exposed to any intervention and grown for 16 days. There were no statistically significant differences found in pre-test and post-test weight or post-test length between the intervention groups and control group. However, there were additional interesting statistically significant findings from this study. Conclusions and possible implications related to future research are discussed.

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  • Abstract

    Why internal and external Ki energy is vital to our existence And How Can We Increase and Use it; Exploring Energetic Survival - Warren T. Mount, PhD, ThD

    Post Doctorate: Three Publishable Articles Submitted to Holos University Graduate Seminary
    In Partial Fulfillment of the Post-Doctoral Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Theology in Spirituality and Health .

     

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  • Abstract

    How the Reticular Activating System (RAS), Vagus Nerve and the Alta Major Chakra May Be the Nexus of Bodymind/Spirit Consciousness - Tiffany Barsotti, ThM

    There are many important axes in human anatomy. Such as: Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis, the Liver-Stomach-Intestines (known as the Liver Triad Axis), Brain-Gut Axis are among a few well-known interactive system axes. This thesis will outline why we should consider adding another.
    Since its discovery over 50 years ago, the RAS, in the reticular formation of the brainstem, has been studied extensively. The RAS, acting in concert with the vagus nerve (CN-X) (the most important nerve in the ANS), directs and modulates functions throughout the body to maintain a dynamic balance - both with respect to the external environment and the body's internal environment. Less well known to Western medical scientists is a parallel system that can develop in the subtle energy body of the human being. This energy body, while not visible with our current technology, has been known in the ancient esoteric healing traditions. A growing body of significant evidence of the subtle energy body's characteristics is developing among a small group of Western scientists. According to the esoteric teachings, as the human being develops from a state of alert consciousness toward a condition of Spiritually Aware Consciousness, after activation of the Alta Major Chakra at some point, the locus of control over the functions of the bodies (physical and subtle) must shift from the brain to Higher Mind.
    This thesis proposes the RAS-Vagus Nerve-Alta Major Chakra Axis as the nexus of communication from Higher Consciousness to the physical and subtle energy bodies of the human being. .

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2009

  • Abstract

    The Effects of the Inner Counselor Process for Adolescents and its Conceptual Materials on the Well-being of Youth in Unity Churches- Phyllis G. Hoover, ThD

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Inner Counselor Process for Adolescents™ (ICPA™) and its conceptual materials on the well-being of youth, ages eleven to eighteen. The ICS© is a system comprised of the Inner Counselor Process for Adolescents (ICPA™) and the Inner Counselor conceptual materials. The study focused on the subjects’ guiding one another through the transpersonal ICPA™. The guided self-awareness process is designed to create changes in less than optimal established coping patterns of thought and behavior, while also developing higher states of consciousness. The experimental design used was the pre-test/post-test control group. The principal investigator and four assistants trained in the ICS© and familiar with principles of truth taught in Unity churches met with fourteen subjects for approximately one hour each week over an eight week period of time. The dependent variable used for the study was the State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC). The participants numbered randomly between males and females and were selected from Unity churches based on their ages. A two-tailed test of significance was used with each tail given p value of 2.5%, a significance level of p=5%. From the results with F=6.916 and p=.002, it is determined that the intervention is statistically significant (.002<.05). When determining the significance of the intervention on the participants for trait stress, the same level of significance of 5% is applied. The effect of the intervention on the participants measuring trait is not statistically significant (.116>.05), as determined by the F and p values of 2.247 and 11.6%, respectively. Positive feedback from subjects whose scores revealed lowered levels of anxiety after the ICPA™ support the findings of the study. Key words: Inner Counselor Process for Adolescents™, Inner Counselor System©, Integration Chart©, High Self, coping patterns, stress, anxiety, coping patterns, well-being, intrinsic, extrinsic, qualities, updrafts, downdrafts, transpersonal, subtle energy, self-awareness, integration, Transformation, symbols, archetypes, individuation, self-actualization. .

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  • Abstract

    Masters Essays: Somatic Archaeology and the Consequences of Remembering - Ruby Gibson, ThM

    This essay on the Consequences of Remembering hopes to convey the origin, substance, means and outcome of generational and collective looking back. It is meant to inform and offer physical, psychic, and spiritual remedy, as well as to raise questions about the significance of our relationship to the Earth in our healing cycles and patterns. The objective is to develop understanding and tools to embrace the past and become accountable for our actions and life experiences; to explore a clear awareness of the embodiment of our personal archaeology in the present; and to chart a conscious, joyful path into the future that allows all of our relations to come full circle and reconcile suffering, or more specifically, to remember, evolve, and look forward. .

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  • Abstract

    Masters Essays: Grace Unfolding: A Journey Through a Women's Circle - Karla S. Giminez, ThM

    Essays examining the depth and meaning of a Women's Circle .

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  • Abstract

    Correlations Between Wellbeing and the Location Scores of the Core Star: A Conceptualization of Spiritual Integration - Deborah Bridges Lallier, ThD

    Seeking to identify the values, behaviors, emotions, and health correlates relating to the process of Spiritual Integration, three psychometric assessment inventories operationalized a holistic definition of well-being: the Symptom Index (SI), the Profile of Moods States (POMS™), and the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI). Scores were correlated with the location score of the Core Star™, a reference point within the subtle energy body. The Core Star™ is theorized to ascend through the central vertical axis of the subtle energy body as Spiritual Integration increases. Fifty energy therapists, who had been trained in Healing Touch™, volunteered as Participants for this study. The location of each participant’s Core Star™ was intuitively assessed at-a-distance with the use of a pendulum by twenty Certified Healing Touch Practitioners (the Intuitive Readers), resulting in one thousand intuitive assessments. Clustering statistics was first performed in Phase One to assess the level of consistency between the Readers. Using an alpha level of .05 (p<.05), the intuitive readings for ten of the fifty volunteers (20%) were assessed to be consistent (10 Participants/200 assessments). These volunteers were then used as the base for analyzing the data that emerged in Phase Two. Based on completed assessment inventories, the total number of volunteers for Phase Two was further reduced to eight (8 participants/160 assessments). Phase Two evaluated the relationship of Core Star™ location scores to increased states of well-being and the demographic variables. An alpha level of .05 (p>.05) was used to also evaluate the data in Phase Two; however, due to the potentially underpowered nature of the study that resulted from the decision to consider data from the above described eight volunteers, borderline significant correlations of well-being variables are also discussed. Higher Core Star™ location scores and increased states of well-being were found to correlate with the well-being factors: decreasing Tension-Anxiety (.073), increasing scores of the POI major scale of Time Competence (.05) and subscales of Self-Actualizing Value (.069), Self-Regard (.033), and Capacity for Intimate Contact (.062). Higher locations scores were also found to correlate with Age (.025), longer lengths of Time practicing Healing Touch™ (<.0001), and the further completion of Levels of Healing Touch Program™ (.007). In addition, multivariate/hierarchal regression identified a model of Spiritual Integration through which the well-being variables of Time Competence and decreased Tension-Anxiety account for 69% of the variance in the location score of the Core Star™. Location scores were observed to cluster into two distinct chakra levels, which are then further identified with evolutionary stages of consciousness. From the emerging patterns of Spiritual Integration, a model is conceptualized, which suggests a movement toward the stage of Heart Centered Consciousness. Suggestions for future research are presented. .

     

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  • Abstract

    A Study of Self-Actualization of Gifted Children in Public High School Programs - Bradley R. Masters, ThD

    Psychologist Abraham Maslow first described self-actualization more than 50 years ago. Maslow proposed that self-actualization was the epitome of mental health. The self-actualized individuals that Maslow observed were of middle age. He described self-actualization as a process but offered no blueprint or path for self-actualization. Literature suggests that gifted children tend to have characteristics that may lead to self-actualization. Using the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (APS-R), and the Friedman Well-Being Scale (FWBS) a group of children 16-18 enrolled in public high school gifted program were compared with cohorts matched by sex and age from the general school population. The results from the POI indicated that the scores of the gifted group on 11 of the 12 scales and subscales were significantly higher than the comparison group. The gifted group was numerically higher on the remaining subscale. The probability of 11 of the 12 scales being significantly higher is <0.003. The results of the APS-R suggested that the gifted group had a higher level of perfectionism and was more likely to be a maladaptive perfectionist than the comparison group... The findings on the FWBS found no significant difference between the mean scores of the two groups. The results of the study support the literature that the gifted have a higher level of self-actualization. .

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2008

  •  

    Abstract

    The Eye of the Beholder: The Relationship between Self-Awareness and Nearsightedness - Yarboro, Katherine I., ThD

    The Eye of the Beholder:
    The Relationship between Self-Awareness and Nearsightedness

    ABSTRACT

    The purpose of the present study was to determine if there is a relationship between self-awareness and nearsightedness (myopia). For this investigation, myopia was defined as a refractive error of -0.50 diopters or greater in each eye. Participants included 100 adults, 50 with myopia and 50 with normal vision. All subjects completed two written self-assessments, the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) and Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). The POI was used to assess level of self-awareness and the DES to measure frequency of dissociation (an absence of self-awareness). A correlational research design was employed. Data were analyzed using the t-test for independent samples, ANCOVA, and Mann-Whitney U tests. Findings were statistically significant between groups (p = .004) on the Nature of Man, Constructive of the POI suggesting that nearsighted people tend to view the inherent nature of humankind as more negative than those with normal vision. Reciprocal correlations were found within the nearsighted group between the degree of refractive error and the following POI subscales: Self-Actualizing Value (r = .43, p = .002), Spontaneity (r = .29, p = .04), Self-Regard (r = .52, p = .000), Nature of Man, Constructive (r = .30, p = .03), and Synergy (r = .28, p = .05). These correlations suggest that a decreased level of self-awareness is related to higher myopia. There was no statistical significance found between groups on the DES. Implications and recommendations for future research are included.
    Key Words: myopia, nearsightedness, refractive error, eyesight, vision, self-awareness, dissociation, Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Vibroacoustic Therapy (VT) and Music on Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Breast Biopsy - Deborah Anne Pratt, ThD

    The Effects of Vibroacoustic Therapy (VT) and Music on Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Breast Biopsy
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of Vibroacoustic Therapy and music in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing breast biopsies. Anxiety levels were measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and relaxation levels were measured by The Self-Report Rating Scale for Tension and Relaxation. The pre/post experimental design consisted of three groups of breast biopsy patients, utilizing a non- randomized convenience sample. A participant was assigned to the control group (N=17) when time prior to the biopsy procedure was limited. All other participants were randomly assigned among the two intervention groups: Vibroacoustic Therapy (N=17), an intervention that uses music which is felt in the body, as well as heard through the ears while reclining in the Somatron Clinical Recliner; or Music Alone (N=17), an intervention of music without the tactile stimulation heard while reclining in the Somatron Clinical Recliner. The music used was composed by a music therapist at approximately 50 beats per minute to entrain the body to relaxation. Each music session lasted approximately fifteen minutes. Patients who received a Vibroacoustic Therapy intervention or Music alone intervention experienced statistically lower levels of anxiety and statistically higher levels of relaxation as compared to the control, (p<.01). Conclusions and suggestions for future research are provided.
    Key Words:
    Vibroacoustic, vibroacoustic therapy, music, music therapy, vibration, Somatron, Somatron Clinical Recliner, anxiety, relaxation, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), The Self-Report Rating Scale for Tension and Relaxation, breast biopsy.
    Pratt Dissertation_Final.pdf .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Vibrational Frequencies of Sound and Positive Emotional States on Energetic and Psychophysiological Balance - Lynette Steele, MD, ThD

    The aim of the study was to enhance energetic and psychophysiological balance or coherence through the use of sound and positive emotional states. The participants were a group of 60 employees of a medium business bank. Their stress levels as prediction of susceptibility to disease were determined by the Holmes-Rahe Social Readjusting Rating. A matched-pair design was used to divide participants quasi-randomly in control and experimental groups referring to age, gender and the Holmes-Rahe Social Readjustment Rating scores. Pre- and post-test measurements of the dependent variables were done in both groups. This included the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire to determine emotional states, the Freeze-Framer 2.0 software to measure psychophysiological coherence using Heart Rate, Coherence Ratio and Power Spectral Density (PDS) and VoiceBio Analysis software to measure energetic balance through a recording or VIBEprint of the sound frequencies present in the voice. A VIBEprint™ reveals frequency patterns in the body that are either overworked or exhausted or stagnant or not working. The selected piece of music for this project was Program 1 Deep Relaxation, from the AlphaRelaxationSystem by Jeffrey Thompson. The positive emotional state was created by a heart-focus technique inducing a state of gratitude while the music was being listened to. Participants from the experimental group used the sound formula combined with the positive emotional state for thirty minutes each day, for a period of two weeks. The control group received no intervention. After two weeks all the measurements of the dependant variables were repeated on both groups. The results indicated a positive shift in emotional states and energetic balance. Results showed no conclusive evidence on the level of psychophysiological balance. Implications and suggestions for future research are included. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Intentional Thought in Close Proximity or at a Distance on Seed Germination - Laurie DuCharme, ThD

    The Effects of Intentional Thought in Close Proximity or at a Distance: Demonstrating the Relation between Mind and Matter on Seed Germination
    If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be lost; that is where they should be. Now put the foundation under them. – Henry David Thoreau
    The purpose of this research was to measure biologic effects of positive and negative intent as a bridge between mind and matter with proximity as a factor, using seed germination as an objective biomarker. Two experiments were performed, one experiment in close proximity, 10inches from target and repeated at a distance of 5 miles, utilizing zucchini seeds. Conditions compared were untreated control, positive intent, and negative intent. Intent was administered for 20 minutes, every 12 hours. The objective marker was pre-post weight of the seeds, and post length of seed sprouts over a 96 hour growing period. A total of 150 seeds were tested: 3 groups of 25 seeds for the near experiment (25 control, 25 positive intent, and 25 negative intent), and three groups of 25 seeds for the far experiment.
    The experiment yielded mixed results. The weight increase of seeds receiving positive intent was significantly greater than the weight increase of seeds receiving negative intent (p<.001). However, there was no significant difference in seed stem length between the positive and negative groups. Stem length increase was unexpectedly greater in the groups of seeds that received intention from a distance when compared groups of seeds that received intention at close proximity (p<.001). Intentions both positive and negative together had a statistically significant effect on weight, when compared to control (p<.001). This study suggests that intention can directly affect living biological systems, and that a seed germination bioassay has the sensitivity to enable detection of effects caused by various applied energetic conditions.
    DuCharme_L_PDF (1).pdf

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Ama Deus Healing on Anxiety and Depression in Women with Stage III and IV Ovarian Cancer. - Elizabeth Helen Cosmos, ThD

    Background: A review of clinical studies investigating hand mediated healing methods reveals a lack of independent replication that demonstrates adequate blinding, randomization and reliability of outcomes. This randomized research project is an evaluation of the effects of Ama-Deus (AD) hands-on energy healing on anxiety and depression in women with stage III or IV ovarian cancer.

    Method: A randomized cross-over design was conducted with fourteen women diagnosed with stage III ovarian cancer at a Midwestern hospital using the AD method as the intervention. Group I received twenty minutes of Ama Deus hands on energy healing 2 times a week for three weeks, with one week of rest, then crossed over to the control of twenty minutes 2 times a week of relaxation sessions for three weeks. Group II received twenty minutes of relaxation 2 times a week for three weeks, with one week of rest, and then crossed over to Ama Deus for twenty minutes 2 times a week for three weeks.
    Results: The statistical analysis revealed that Ama Deus Group I had significant reduction in state anxiety. Group II demonstrated significant reduction in Trait anxiety. Significant findings in depression reduction were revealed among Group II participants. These findings provide support that AD energy healing and relaxation sessions help reduce anxiety and depression in ovarian cancer patients.
    Conclusion: Energy healing is widely used in conjunction with western allopathic treatment in the U.S. and Europe for a variety of health conditions. This research supports the efficacy of Ama Deus in reducing anxiety and depression. Widespread use of energy healing, coupled with the findings of the research, indicates the need for additional research that evaluates the effectiveness of energy healing in clinical settings to support the healing process and help improve quality of life.
    Key Words
    Ama Deus, anxiety and depression, energy healing, general relaxation, quality of life, ovarian cancer, stress management.
    Cosmos_Final_Hyperlinked.pdf .

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  • Abstract

    Transformation and The Inner Counselor Process - Katherine Ann Hunter, ThM

    These four essays address the questions of who, what, when, where, why and how human transformation occurs. Included is a discussion of transformational components, their relationship with one another and with an underlying holistic structure. The goal of these discussions is to provide the reader with an understandable and functional approach to human transformation. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of the Inner Counselor Process (ICP) and Positive Affirmations on Anxiety in a Population Supporting the Military Community of Fort Carson, Colorado- Susan Ann Davis, ThM

    This study used the experimental pre-test/post-test self control group design to measure the effects of the Inner Counselor Process (ICP™) and positive affirmations on anxiety in subjects randomly selected from a pool of volunteers living in (or closely associated with) the military community at Fort Carson, Colorado. This sample represented those with stressors such as spouses deploying or in between deployments, personal responsibilities, family commitments, change in career, health concerns and those offering general support to persons who are on the front lines of the Iraq or Afghanistan War. Twelve subjects completed the study. The study took place over a five-week period. Each subject participated in two group sessions and four one-on-one sessions facilitated by Susan Davis. State Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaires were administered before and after the intervention of four individual Inner Counselor Process (ICP™) sessions which included follow-up assignments to use specific positive affirmations. A t-test for dependent means error level was .05 for the study. For rejection of the null hypothesis the critical value used was 2.201 (Hinton) as shown in Table 1. Since the calculated value of t was greater than 2.201, then the probability that such results occurred by chance is less than .05. In fact, the probability that such results could occur by chance were less than .001 for the State and even less than that for the Trait. Seventeen of the twenty questions on the Trait showed positive change at a significant level. .

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  • Abstract

    Health as a Spiritual Process of Perceived Well-Being: Successfully Healthy Elderly (SHE) Nonagenarian and Centernarian Women.- Tersteeg, Patricia Asleson ThD

    The study investigates a cohort of fifty-two Successfully Healthy Elderly (SHE) women between the ages of 90 and 106 who, at the time of their interviews, were independent of full-time care, had received no terminal diagnoses for the next six months, and could be characterized as still autonomous. These Caucasian subjects had all spent part of their lives residing in the Midwestern United States; had been married; and were at the least still able to feed, dress, and toilet themselves. The goal was to explore common motivations, attitudes, values, spiritual characteristics, and other shared behavioral choices among very elderly women who had efficaciously and prodigiously sustained their vitality longer than most. Evaluations were based on a phenomenological interview which included a Personal Questionnaire, the MBTI, and the POI. A blood sample for DHEA was also drawn from ten SHE women and one additional ninety year- old to ascertain whether or not they might present a healthy DHEA level despite their ages. The results were positive and indicated that no woman was deficient, and seven registered at or above the mid-range for normal and healthy young people. The cohort also demonstrated a predominantly spiritual orientation based on an acknowledged theistic practice and belief in a Higher Power, as well as the strength and presentation of their Inner Selves or Spirits. This was recognized in the declaration of “self-sufficiency” by 100% of the women and from their consistent practice of eight common behavioral choices which, together, reflected their commitment to be responsible for themselves, to cause no harm, and to be open to learning. As a rich resource of wisdom, the SHE women ultimately demonstrated how they successfully managed their own health and well-being by consciously, consistently, and responsibly making effective, adaptive, and honorable choices. Because of this focus on their internal spiritual lives, they continued to perceive and experience a sense of meaning, purpose, pleasure, and peace. ATrishT_Disser_Vol_I_Final.pdf ATrishT_Disser_Vol_II_Print.pdf .

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  • Abstract

    Effects of the Orgone Accumulator Blanket on Free Radicals and Dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) Levels - Ruth Singleton Alvarez, ThD

    The purpose of this study was to show that the orgone accumulator blanket device could have a measurable effect on physical and psychological parameters, with a resulting positive change in the organism. The dependent variables studied were urinary excretion of free radicals, as measured by the Oxidata™ colorimetric test, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels, as measured in saliva. Both these tests can be seen as general markers of good health. DHEA levels reach their highest levels in humans during the twenties and decrease generally every decade afterward. Free radicals are a marker of incomplete oxidation and have been associated with stress and aging. The psychological test was a Profile of Mood States (POMS), which was a self-scoring test that was given at the beginning and the end of the study with the instructions to complete with how you feel right now. In addition, vital signs of blood pressure, pulse, and oral temperature were taken at the beginning and end of each session. Sixty-three subjects began the study and were randomized into either the experimental or control group. Twenty-nine controls and thirty active participants completed the study. The ages ranged from twenty-one to eighty-four years. The mean was 48.8 years in the control group and 48.9 years in the experimental group. The study consisted of sixteen males and forty-three females. The study was double-blinded. Orgone accumulator blanket devices and sham blankets of identical design were made by Orgonics, Inc. of California. Participants spent three half hour sessions under the blankets, on alternating days. Results showed a trend of increase in DHEA levels in the active group but not in the control group. Although promising, the results were not statistically significant. The active group showed a greater reduction in free radicals than the control group, but again this result did not reach the level of statistical significance. The POMS results were also suggestive of improvement. Many factors influenced results and will be discussed further. These include minimal exposure times to the orgone accumulator blanket device, rainy weather, mature age of group tested, and possible electronic interference. AlvarezR-Diss-2008-0226.pdf .

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2007

  • Abstract

    The Relationship Between Mystical Experience and Spiritual Well-Being in Women Who have or Have Had Cancer - Delphine C. Rossi, ThD

    Mystical experience, defined in the literature as a wholly transformative event, can elicit positive and lasting changes in one’s perception of reality, forever changing one’s life meaning and purpose. This study was designed to explore the relationship between mystical experience and spiritual well-being in women who have had or have cancer. An opportunity sample of seventy participants was included in this study. Women from the population residing in Cache Valley, Utah and all other interested women residing outside of Cache Valley were invited to participate. Participants completed the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT-Sp-Ex) Expanded Spiritual Well-Being Scale, a multidimensional scale used in diverse cancer populations and the Index of Core Spiritual Experiences (INSPIRIT), measuring intrinsic spirituality and spiritual experience(s). To enhance the significance of personal mystical experience, interviews were conducted to provide women an opportunity to share a mystical/spiritual experience they have had. The Pearson correlation coefficient reveals a significant, moderately strong positive relationship between mystical experience (INSPIRIT) and spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp-Ex) scores (r (70) = 0.388, p<.001) in this population. All seventy women indicated having at least one type of mystical/spiritual experience with 97.1% of women stating a positive response to the refined Greeley question of INSPIRIT #3 How often have you felt as though you were very close to a powerful spiritual force? Moreover, the Pearson correlation coefficient reveals a significant, moderately strong positive relationship between spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp-Ex) and the INSPIRIT #3 (r (70) = 0.302, p<.01). This finding indicates a positive relationship between transpersonal/introvertive mystical experience and spiritual well-being among this study population. Additional findings are presented on the relationship between intrinsic religiousness/spirituality and spiritual well-being, intrinsic religiousness/spirituality and mystical experience, and months since cancer diagnosis, spiritual well-being, and mystical experience. Discussions, conclusions, and recommendations for future research are included. .

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  • Abstract

    The Proclivital Roots of Breast Cancer - Laura Gambill-Sucherman, ThD

    This study examined three groups of women in order to discern the spiritual, psychological, and physical variables that are significant in the development and onset of breast cancer. The convenience sample consisted of women recently diagnosed with breast cancer (up to one year out), women survivors of breast cancer (from two years out), and women who are breast cancer free. The women ranged in age from thirty to eighty years. The total sample size (N) was 160 women: forty recently diagnosed fiftynine survivors, and sixty-one women who were breast cancer free. As participants of this research, the women provided information on specific physical characteristics that are influential to the disease process of breast cancer. The physical variables of interest were hormone replacement therapy, oral contraceptive usage, and body mass index (BMI). Concurrently the three groups were assessed on the ZUNG inventory for depression, the Profile of Mood States (POMS), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), and the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI). Discriminant Function Analysis was utilized in the selection of the variables derived from the aforementioned instruments, and the Intake Form of physical attributes. The statistical significance of differences noted between groups was analyzed via discriminant function that assesses several dependent variables simultaneously. In order to accomplish this formulation, a linear combination of the variables was constructed, thereby deriving a single variable, i.e., a discriminant function. The variables selected for statistical analysis were depression, mood states, selfactualization, spiritual well-being, body mass index, oral contraceptive usage, and hormone replacement therapy. The variables predicted group membership 65.6% the time for the breast cancer free group, and 67.5% of the time for the recently diagnosed groups. The variables did not predict group membership for the survivors, 30.5%, less than chance. The variable of depression, assessed by the Zung, was significant at < .001, followed by the POMS at .008, and the POI at .024 as determined by the Tests of the Equality of Group Means. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of the Inner Counselor Process ™ on Anxiety and Depressions in Seniors - Ann L. Osborne, ThD

    This study examined whether a guided self-awareness process called the Inner Counselor Process© (IC Process©) produced statistically significant reductions in depression and anxiety among seniors 65 years of age or older. The approach of the IC Process© is that our greatest asset for healing comes from the “healer within” each of us. This process provides a way for people to access this wisdom in order to address a range of concerns, from ordinary worries to major life issues. Eighty-five seniors were assigned to the experimental group (n = 43) that received two IC Processes© one week apart, or the waiting-list control group (n = 42) that received post-research processes, using quota sampling and random group allocation. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), the BeckAnxiety Inventory® (BAI®), and anecdotal reports were used to measure the levels of anxiety and depression. A pretest-posttest waiting-list control group design was used.
    Five testing times occurred. Three pre-tests were completed at weekly intervals: two weeks, one week, and the day before the first IC Process©, and two post-tests were completed: the day after and two weeks after the second IC Process©. Results show no conclusive evidence of the impact of the IC Process© on depression, but a possible effect on anxiety. Anecdotal reports strongly suggest that changes did occur. Implications and future research recommendations are included.
    Key Words:
    Inner Counselor Process©, seniors, anxiety, depression, inner wisdom, guided self-awareness, transpersonal psychology, higher self, late-life issues, spirituality, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Beck Anxiety Inventory® (BAI ®), Friedman test, Mann-Whitney U test. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Intuitive Development on Women’s Health and Spiritual Well-being - Debra L. Butterfield, ThD

    Intuition, the capacity to intuit or sense subtle impressions, has gained increasing credibility as a valid, efficient and reliable form of knowledge despite past cultural biases. Intuition is a natural skill available to everyone. Within complementary and alternative medicine, intuition is understood as an important skill to develop in relation to health, healing and spiritual well-being. Intuitive awareness appears to be increasingly compromised by a complex reality unique to women. The pace of daily living; absorption of too much information; women’s bias of prioritizing affiliation over their own needs; over identification with cultural ideals of productivity; the impact of the media’s subliminal messages about women; and exposure to trauma all effect women’s brains and emotions. Unexpressed or overwhelming emotions, fear and stress impede women’s intuitive receptivity. In depression, an experience twice as likely to occur in women as men, intuitive awareness is often shut down, depriving women of a natural means towards health and wholeness. The objective of this study was to investigate whether intuitive development, as a form of CAM health education, would affect women’s health and spiritual well-being by: restoring meaning to symptoms; increasing women’s recognition of intuition; and enhancing their inner sense of self. Seventy women were recruited as co-researchers. The first thirty-five to meet the inclusion criteria and who committed to attend a series of six two hour intuitive development classes, complete three sets of measures and keep an intuition journal were assigned to the experimental group. The control group was assigned to a wait list and offered the classes five months later. All co-researchers were administered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II®), the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) and the Spiritual Well-Being Index (SWB) on three occasions over a 12 week period. Results: ANOVA showed statistically significant change occurred in one aspect of self-actualization on the POI with both an increase in inner-directedness (F (2, 49) = 3.182, p=.051 <.05) and a decrease in other-directedness (F (2, 49) = 3.627, p=.033 <.05). A comparison of composite scores on the POI is robust and meaningful. Over 65% of the co-researchers in the experimental group reported more reliable connection with their intuition in relation to their health; more than 50% took action based on their intuitions. Implications including the value of group learning for women, limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are discussed.
    Keywords:
    intuition, intuitive development, women’s health, women’s psychology, spiritual well-being, transpersonal psychology, energy medicine, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II®), Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS), Personal Orientation Inventory (POI), inner-directed, other-directed, complementary and alternative medicine. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of a Conditioned Space Called the ‘Scalar Room” on the Experience of Meditation - Nicole Loeffler, ThD

    Meditation is a technique widely used to induce naturally altered states of awareness, and it is an invaluable tool for the education and expansion of human consciousness. The present research investigates the hypothesis that a meditation conducted in a conditioned room, called the .Scalar Room,. can result in a change of the meditative experience of seasoned meditators, in comparison to their usual meditation in their home setting. It is postulated that these changes occur due to an alteration of the atmospheric field in the investigated space. Concepts such as sacred geometry, the quality of numbers, and intentionality as well as features such as crystals, a copper inlay, and technological devices, have been applied in the Scalar Room. The possibilities of the accumulation of subtle energies due to the presence of these concepts and features in the Scalar Room are discussed. Subtle energies are proposed to make a causative contribution to the significant results of this study. Using a cross-over design, 80 participants evaluated their meditative experience both in their usual home setting and in the Scalar Room. ANOVA tests were conducted for three time points and for two groups. Participants showed a significant increase in ten out of seventeen investigated dimensions from the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) during their Scalar Room Meditation. The dimension of .Altered State of Awareness. increased 64% and a meditation depth that was never before reached by meditators averaging 13 years of experience, was reported by 22 % of participants. Implications and recommendations for future research are included.
    Key Words:
    Meditation, PCI, Conditioned Space, Subtle Energies, Scalar, Consciousness .

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  • Abstract

    Creating Thriving, Coherent, and Integral New Thought Churches Using an Integral Approach and Second Tier Practices. - Reverend Gary Simmons, ThD

    Ken Wilber’s integral theory (methodological pluralism), as applied to Unity and New Thought churches, is a holistic lens through which to view spiritual communities as living systems. This dissertation puts forth an integral map of church organization based on the All Quadrant / All Level (AQAL) integral approach and applies integral principles and Spiral Dynamics to issues of church growth and development. Two-hundred ninety-eight Unity, Religious Science, and other New Thought churches participated in a survey designed to map key indicators associated with the four quadrants of the organizational holon of the church: Organizational Practices, Social Systems, Culture, and Consciousness; and along developmental lines within each quadrant: Structures, Intimacy, Identity, and Intentionality. The study compares two groups of respondents—those that self-identified as leaders of thriving, coherent, and integral ministries, and all others—across 75 organizational issues. The study examines leadership practices and indicates how, in those instances where second tier practices were prevalent, churches reported a high degree of organizational health and integrity. In those churches where first tier practices dominated, the tendency was for the church community to be driven by subsistence imperatives. The study corroborates the researcher’s formulation of an integral map of ministry and the efficacy of an integral approach to church development strategies. It makes clear the relationship between leadership capacity and organizational integrity. It shows how the integral framework provides a relevant system for cultivating a whole system approach to working with the challenges and opportunities of organizational development.
    Key Words:
    Integral Approach, Church Growth and Development, New Thought Churches, Second Tier Practices .

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  • Abstract

    Assessing the Impact of a Yoga-Based Program of Body Awareness and Intentional Relaxation on Affect and Perceived Stress in Adolescent Girls. - Nancy Bloemer, ThD

    Adolescents, particularly females, undergo physical and emotional challenges many of which impact their short and long term health. Self care practices such as yoga have been documented as helpful in coping with stressful circumstances; however few studies have addressed specifically their effectiveness in a population of adolescent girls. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a weekly yoga based practice of body awareness and intentional relaxation on self rated affect and perceived stress levels in adolescent girls. The intervention group (n = 47) participated in six 50 minute, yoga based sessions over a seven week period. Dependent variable scores were compared to a control group (n = 40) over the same time frame. Both groups completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) one week prior to and one week after the intervention sessions. The perceived stress scores of the adolescent girls who practiced the yoga based practice decreased significantly over time as compared to the control group. Positive affect scores improved over time in the intervention group but only in those adolescent girls who participated in five or more sessions. Negative affect scores did not change significantly over time in either the control or intervention groups. Discussion of possible explanations for the changes observed and implications for future research are included.
    Key words:
    yoga, relaxation techniques, meditation, breathing exercises, relaxation response, mindfulness practices, body awareness, affect, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, PANAS, adolescent girls, mood, Perceived Stress Scale
     

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  • Abstract

    A Comparative Study of the Effects of Photostimulation and Autogenic Training in Reducing Stress, Anxiety, and Depression. - Nancy Jane Calloway, ThD

    The purpose of the experimental study was to compare thee effects of two treatments: photostimulation (using the Shealy RelaxMate™) and autogenic training (using Basic Shultz audiotape), evaluating their effectiveness in lowering levels of anxiety and depression in self-claimed stressed out people. Sevety self-claimed very stressed out adults volunteered as subjects for the study. The subjects attended an initial meeting where they were pre-tested, using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (Zung) to measure initial anxiety and depression levels. They were given the SPirtual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) to measure initial spirtual well-being. They were given information regarding relaxation and its effectiveness in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups of 35 and were given instructions regarding how to use the instument randomly assigned to them. One group used the Basic SHultz tape intervention twice daily at home for twenty minutes. The other group used the RelaxMate™ intervention at least once daily for an hour when falling asleep at night. After four weeks the subjects were post-tested using STAI, Zung, and SWBS in order to obtain comparative scores. The null hypothesis was supported. There were no difference in the effects of RM and AT. Both the RM and AT showed statistically significant efficacy (p<.001) in lowering levels of anxiety and depression and in enhancing spiritual well-being.

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2006

  • Abstract

    The Hepatic Personality: Integrating the Mores of Western and Eastern Medicine, and Psychoneuroimmunology - Carol L. Spence, ThD

    The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes, emotions, and behaviors of individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) to determine whether a configuration of personality traits particularly anger, anxiety, and low self-esteem exists common to individuals with HCV and to analyze the potential association of these traits relative to the existence and/or exacerbation of the disease. It was also the aim of this study to lend quantitative foundation to qualitative inference as relates to psychological contributors to disease by integrating the mores of Western medicine, Eastern medicine (with emphasis on Chinese medicine) and psychoneuroimmunology.
    A total of 204 subjects were enrolled, including 104 subjects with documented chronic HCV and 100 subjects without HCV or other forms of liver disease. Each participant completed The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2™ (STAXI-2™), The State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Form Y (STAI), and the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (MSEI). The ability to discriminate between individuals with HCV and those without liver disease was assessed by forced entry and stepwise methods of discriminant analysis. The forced entry analysis model demonstrated significance (p<.001) and 79.4% accuracy in classifying cases into HCV and non-HCV groups. (For the purpose of this study, the non-HCV group is called the control group throughout this dissertation.) Stepwise analysis was conducted to identify the smallest number of variables and to provide maximum discrimination between groups. A four variable model emerged that demonstrated significance (p<.001) and 77% accuracy in classifying cases into HCV and control groups.
    The high level of classification accuracy demonstrated in this study is particularly remarkable because liver disease is generally recognized merely from a scientific perspective on the basis of medical tests and opinion rather than being considered even remotely associated with psychological characteristics. .

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  • Abstract

    The Heart Field Effect:  Synchronization of Healer-Subject Heart Rates in Energy Therapy - Christine Caldwell Bair, ThD

    Recent health research has focused on subtle energy and vibrational frequency as key components of health and healing. Intentional direction of bioenergy is receiving increasing scientific attention. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of the healer's heart field upon subjects during energy healing, as measured by synchronization of heart rates and scores on a Subjective Units of Distress (SUD) scale and Profile of Mood States (POMS) inventory. A nonequivalent pretest posttest design was used based on heart rate comparison of healer and subject, and correlated with pre-and post-test SUDs and Profiles of Mood States scores. The subjects included two populations: N = 50 who sat within the 3-4 foot "strong" range of the healer's heart field, the independent variable, while using self application of the WHEE energy healing technique, and N = 41 who completed the same process beyond the 15-18 foot range of the healer's heart field. The dependent measures were heart rate, Subjective Units of Distress, and Profile of Mood States inventory. All subjects completed these measures within one hour. Statistically significant heart rate synchronization was found in the intervention population. Subjective Units of Distress and Profile of Mood States scores demonstrated more improvement than the control population, indicating additional benefit beyond the WHEE effect alone. Additional interesting findings are presented. Implications and future research recommendations are included.
    Key Words:
    Heart, energy healing, healer effect, heart field, synchronization, entrainment, spiritual healing, bio-fields, coherence, energy exchange between people. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Inratonic Therapy on Levels of Stress in Adults - Gloria Jean Akin

    The Effects of Infrasound 8 Treatments on Levels of Stress in Adults The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of treatments using the Infrasound 8 Therapeutic Massager on levels of stress in adults. The research utilized a quasi-experimental double-blind pre-test/post-test control group design with repeated measure of the dependent variables. The 70 subjects, aged 25 to 75, were arbitrarily assigned to receive treatment from either the active Infrasound 8 Therapeutic Massager (n=38) or the inactive (control) Infrasound 8 Therapeutic Massager (n=32). Both principal investigator and participants were blinded as to which were the treatment and sham device. Intervention consisted of three twenty-minute treatments, self-administered once a week over three weeks. The treatment protocol consisted of each participant placing the massage head (transducer) of the device on the chest/heart area and turning on the power for 20 minutes. At the end of the study, participants in the control group were offered treatments using the Infrasound 8. The dependent variables included the results of the pre-test, posttest, and 4-week follow-up posttest using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults (STAI, Y-1 and Y-2) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS). Results of a 2x3 mixed analysis of variance using the SPSS for the scores on the STAI indicated no significant changes in state or trait anxiety within or between treatment group and control group from pre-test to post-test or from post-test to follow-up post-test. Results on the pre-, post, and follow-up post scores on ORS showed no significant clinical change for either group. Future research considerations are discussed.

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  • Abstract

    The Effects Of Crystal Bowl Toning on the Chakras as Measured by Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) and the Profile of Mood States Scale - Maryanne L. Cowen, ThD

    The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of Crystal Bowl toning on the chakras as measured by the Gas Discharge Visualization Device (GDV) and scores on the Profile of Mood States. A randomized experimental Pre-test Post-test design was used based on the Gas Discharge Visualization Technique and Profile of Mood States Inventory. The subjects included two groups: N=41 who received Crystal Bowl treatment as the independent variable and N=41 the control group who did not receive treatment. In the treatment group, the Crystal Bowl was set to the tone of C. Each subject received fifteen minutes of either Crystal Bowl toning or Control group sitting quietly. The dependent measures were Gas Discharge Visualization Technique and the Profile for Mood States Inventory. Subjects completed these measures in a one hour period in the office setting. The subjects in the treatment group completed the Profile of Mood States Inventory followed by the GDV reading, which included three baselines five minutes apart, Crystal Bowl toning for a fifteen- minute period and two post readings. Post one immediately following toning and post two GDV and post POM twenty minutes following post one. Subjects then received results of their GDV readings. The Control group received the same protocol. However, during the fifteen-minute Crystal Bowl toning they were asked to remain in the same room and sit quietly while the researcher remained present. Statistical significance was found in the fifth chakra reading, without filter. No significance was found in the results of the Profile of Mood States.
    Key Words: Holistic healing, holistic healing modalities, sound healing, chakras, chakra balancing, crystal bowl toning, crystal bowl healing, Gas Discharge Visualization Device.

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2005

  • Abstract

    Walking on Two Legs: The Art and Value of Medical Acupuncture - Joseph Helms, ThD

    Walking on Two Legs was created as preparatory reading for physicians attending the "Medical Acupuncture for Physicians" training program developed by the Helms Medical Institute and sponsored since 1983 by the UCLA School of Medicine. It is the result of transcribed interviews with eighteen of the author’s patients, written and spoken narratives from thirty-six graduates of the medical acupuncture course, and the distillation of the core tenets of acupuncture theory.
    The document is created in three sections. The first five chapters introduce the reader to the experience of an acupuncture treatment and its consequences, told in the words of the patients undergoing treatment. Chapters six through ten present an organization of the human condition from the perspective of Chinese traditional medicine. The classical Oriental texts explore the notion of Qi—vital life energy—and functions of the organs that are more comprehensive than described in Western biomedicine. This material offers the reader a means to identify and organize healthy constitutional qualities as well as pathological disturbances from infor-mation typically volunteered by patients, but often overlooked by physicians.
    The final three chapters use the words of physicians who have trained in medical acupuncture. These doctors speak of their motivation to study medical acupuncture, the process of learning and integrating it into practice, and the impact on their per-ception of their patients and themselves as physicians and healers. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects on Osteoporosis of Sheli -Tens Electrical Stimulation of the Ring of Earth Points - Vera Marie Borgmeyer, ThD

    The purpose of this experimental study was to research the effects of electrical stimulation of the Ring of Earth acupuncture points with the SheLi TENS™ on osteoporosis. An AccuDEXA, a peripheral bone mass density test was the dependent and repeat measure in this experiment along with urine levels of a collagen cross-linked teleopeptide, a bone marker known as NTx. Serum levels of Calcitonin were also drawn on the experimental group. Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland and is a primary regulator of calcium in the bone. A protocol, approved by the Institutional Review Board was followed for each volunteer. Forty-five participants were selected, based on a Pre Bone Density, indicating a clinical level of osteopenia/osteoporosis and their willingness to carry out the protocol of stimulation of the acupressure points that comprise the Ring of Earth daily for six months as well as taking the necessary supplements for the modeling of new bone. Subjects were screened by the Nurse Researcher, according to the inclusion criteria and asked to sign an Informed Consent. They were then randomized into the experimental or the control group for the study. The control group took recommended supplements but received no electrical stimulation. The independent variable for this research was the Ring of Earth. The subjects in the experimental group were taught the Ring of Earth using the SheLi TENS.™ All participants brought to the initial screening visit, a recent AccuDEXA of their bone density. During the session, an intake history was done by the RN and each participant completed a Symptom Index©, a Pain Profile©, and were assessed as to risk factors of having bone fractures in the future. Vital signs, including Temperature, Pulse, Respirations and Blood Pressure were recorded. The same tests and procedures were repeated on all participants at the end of six months. At the end of the research, a mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) using the SPSS for the scores on the Symptom Index©, Pain Profile©, standard deviation scores from the AccuDEXA and results from the cross-linked teleopeptides (NTx) was used for statistical analyses. The Ring of Earth intervention yielded a statistically significant reduction in symptoms with a p = .020 level. However, there were no statistically significant differences in lowering the bone density or the level of pain or normalizing urine cross-linked teleopeptides (NTx). A t-test was used for statistical analysis of the Calcitonin results. Using the stimulation of the Ring of Earth did not yield a statistical significant difference in increasing serum levels of Calcitonin in the experimental group. Additional interesting findings are presented. Implications and future research recommendations are included. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of Reiki on the Level of Free Radicals in the Human Body - Nancy L. Garrison,ThD

    High levels of Free Radicals in the human body have been shown to correlate with disease and aging. The intention of the researchers was to show that Free Radical reduction could be facilitated by Reiki intervention. Reiki is an ancient energy healing modality closely related in method to Therapeutic Touch. Sixty-seven subjects were recruited. Thirty-four volunteer subjects served as the intervention group. Thirtythree volunteer subjects served as the control group. All subjects were given a pre-intervention OxiData™ Urine Test, used to test the amount of free radical activity within the body by measuring free radicals excreted in urine, and filled out State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires, a self-reporting measure used to monitor anxiety level. The intervention group subjects were given three Reiki interventions of one-half hour each, by Master Level Reiki practitioners, on alternating days of the same week. The control group was asked to schedule a follow-up appointment for four days after the initial testing was done. All subjects of both groups were again administered an OxiData™ Urine Test and STAI questionnaires. Statistics were compiled and the pre- and post-intervention measurements compared. The differences in the two OxiData™ urine tests showed a post-intervention reduction of an average of one color change representing a drop of approximately twenty percent, with statistical significance at a level of .0001. The measurements of the pre- and post-intervention STAI questionnaires also showed high statistical significance, with an overall drop in State Anxiety of over 7 points representing an approximate drop of twelve percent. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of Intention On Decreasing Anxiety and Depression Utilizing Intention Imprinted Devices. - Cynthia R. Reed, ThD

    Two experiments, one double blind, were conducted to explore the effects of intention on anxiety and depression utilizing an Intention-Imprinted Electronic Device (IIED) on adult subjects throughout the Central United States, Canada, and Mexico. Subjects were divided randomly into two groups, with demographic information from each entered on one of two computers. The IIED was imprinted by four experienced meditators with an intention for improved health, decreased anxiety and decreased depression. The intervention group scrolled continuously in the vicinity of the IIED broadcasting the intention. At a separate location, the control group demographics scrolled continuously with no intention. The interventions were conducted at three month and eight month intervals.
    Results were compared using a mixed analysis of variance with one between groups and one within groups factor on the pre-and post-test scores on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults and the Zung Self Rating Scale for Depression. The results for the three month group showed a marginally significant reduction on the STAI-Y-1 for the intervention group at the .089 level of significance. The control group showed no significant variance. The analysis of the pre-intervention scores to the post intervention scores after both the three and eight month group showed a significant reduction state anxiety (p = < .003), trait anxiety (p = < .000) and depression (p = < .001). The results suggest that over time, an intention broadcast to adult subjects may have an impact on anxiety and depression. More research needs to be conducted to explore the potential of IIEDs to improve health. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of HeartMath Techniques on Emotional Intelligence - Sara Hake, ThD

    This study examined the effects of HeartMath techniques for stress relief on emotional intelligence. The HeartMath techniques implemented were Heart Lock-In®, Neutral® and Freeze-Frame®. The dependent measurement was the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory, which contained a total EQ scale along with fifteen sub scales. The independent variable was a one-day, seven-hour workshop, titled The Power to Change Performance. The experimental design with control was a pre-test/post-test administered within a six-week interval. A 2x2 mixed factorial statistical design yielded statistically significant differences for Total EQ (p=.001), Stress Tolerance (p=.01), Self-Regard (p=.015), and Happiness (p=.03). Marginal statistical significance was found for Interpersonal Relationship (p=.08) and Reality Testing (p=.07). In total, nine of the fifteen sub scales showed an increase in measurement, strongly suggesting that the practice of HeartMath techniques for six weeks increased emotional intelligence. .

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  • Abstract

    Quantum Medicine:  The Radical Power of Love, Energy, and Soul to Heal Body and Planet - Dawson Church,ThD

    Book Project in leiu of Dissertation 

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  • Abstract

    The Influence of Religious-Spiritual Orientation on Health of Roman Catholic and Unity Church Members - Charlene E. Bradshaw, ThD

    A previous study has demonstrated that religious beliefs that depicted God as a punishing deity were associated with worse mental health than those representing God as a collaborative partner (Koenig, Pargament, and Nielsen, 1998). In this study that explored the relationship of the type of religious/spiritual orientation to health, the Zung Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Symptom Index, the Religious Life Inventory, and a Subject Background Self-Report Questionnaire were administered once to 102 Roman Catholic and 103 Unity volunteer church members. Study participants responded to the written self-report measurements 1) to determine if there were differences between the two faith groups in regard to anxiety, depression, and overall health symptoms; 2) to determine if the groups were different in their ways of being religious, as measured by the RLI; and 3) to determine if different ways of being religious are predictors of health. Results 1) indicate no significant differences between Roman Catholic and Unity faiths in regard to overall health status. Results 2) specify the two groups are significantly different in their ways of being religious. Roman Catholics are End oriented and search no further than the church itself for answers to existential questions; Unity members are more Quest oriented and search for expansive visions to spiritual questions. Results 3) show significant predictive relationships between the different ways of being religious and health outcomes, revealing that Means oriented individuals, which include Extrinsic individuals, those who use religion for security, status, and self-justification, show more depression, state, and trait anxiety. End oriented individuals include Intrinsic ‘true believers’ who show less depression, state, and trait anxiety. Quest oriented individuals show less overall anxiety and less Orthodox belief. Orthodox believers reveal more depression, state and trait anxiety, and overall health symptoms. How one views oneself within one’s own religious/spiritual experience has a profound influence on health. .

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  • Astrology’s Relevance as a Modern Day Spiritual Counseling Tool - Gabrielle Dunn, ThM

    ESSAY CHAPTERS: 

    The Role of Symbols in the Recognition and Activation of Archetypal Energies;

    Archetypal Energies a Symolized by the Ten Astrological Planets;

    The Relationship of Astrology to Ancient Spiritual Traditions;

    The Relevance of Astrology as a Spiritual Counseling Tool;

    References and Bibliography.

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2004

  • Abstract

    The Efficacy of Guided-Imagery Visualization and Journaling in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Audrey Boxwell, ThD

    A guided-imagery/visualization and journaling protocol, as part of a multi-component treatment program, was tested as a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)—a functional disorder of the lower gastrointestinal tract characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. Participants included 41 adults who self-selected into an eight-week meditation/multi-component condition or wait-list condition. Twenty patients completed treatment and follow-up (N=20). Patients in the treatment group met twice a week for four weeks for hour-long sessions in which the first half-hour was devoted to the guided-imagery/visualization and journaling method. This segment of the session was followed by a half-hour of support and educational group activities. Composite primary symptom reduction (CPSR) scores, IBS-quality of life (IBS-QOL) ratings, and individual symptom reduction scores were the dependent measures and were assessed prior to treatment and at two weeks post-treatment. Within group pre-post comparisons revealed significant improvements for abdominal pain (F (1, 39) = 23.56, p< .001), tenderness (F (1, 39) = 39.62, p< .001), bloating (F (1, 39) = 44.73, p< .001), belching (F (1, 39) = 38.13, p< .001), and flatulence (F (1, 39) = 34.07, p< .001). Additionally, a two-way repeated measures analysis of variance and follow-up comparison examining overall quality of life (IBS-QOL) found that a multi-component treatment program including a guided imagery/visualization protocol was superior to no intervention. Implications and discussions are included for further research using guided imagery and visualization as part of a multi-component treatment program for reducing symptoms associated with IBS. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Getting Unstressed (GUS), a Wholistic, Multi-Modal Programme, on Adolescent’s Well-Being - Martina C. Steiger, ThD

    This study examined the effects of a wholistic multi-modal programme on the well-being of adolescents, age thirteen to nineteen. The programme was designed to manage and reduce stress in a self-directed format, with a selection of specific techniques that address the teenagers’ self-concept and their experience of anxiety, and provide tools to assist in decision-making. The dependent measures used included the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale (N-S), and the Self-Description Questionnaire II (SDQ II). The experimental design was a pre-test/post-test with a control group. The independent variable was constructed as a one-day, eight-hour workshop in which all 72 adolescent research subjects participated. The wholistic multimodal programme intervention yielded statistically significant differences for the treatment group (p<.05), lowering state anxieties. Findings also indicate statistically significant improvements (p<.01) in the Total Self-Concept scores of the adolescents, as well as in two of the eleven sub-scales. Additionally, the results provide evidence of a shift towards a more internal locus of control (p<.01). No statistically significant differences were found for the trait anxiety levels of the treatment group, nor between the treatment and control groups. Anecdotal reports strongly support the quantitative findings. Conclusions and possible implications related to future research are discussed.
    Key words: wholistic, holistic, multi-modal programme, self-concept, self-esteem, wellbeing, adolescents, teenagers, stress-reduction, stress-management, anxiety, self-help, self-directed, personal growth, intuition, inner voice, inner wisdom, holistic education, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale (N-S), Self-Description Questionnaire II (SDQ II) .

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  •  

    Abstract

    The Effect of Reiki on the Autonomic Nervous System as Measured by Entrainment Ratios of Heart Rate Variability - Vickie Lynne Nutter, ThD

    The purpose of this study was to use the popular energy healing modality known as Reiki to measurably reduce the level of stress in a recipient. The specific measurement of stress involved was heart rate variability (HRV), an autonomic nervous system (ANS) function with many well-defined stress responses and which is theoretically not under the subject’s willful control.
    The study employed forty participants, equally divided into control and intervention groups. After an initial session to obtain a baseline reading, Reiki was applied to the intervention group in an A-B-A-B fashion, where A = no Reiki applied and B = Reiki applied. The length of each A and B session was fifteen minutes. HRV data were recorded and analyzed using a HeartMath pulse sensor attached to the subjects’ finger and the Freeze Framer computer program. This program measured HRV to obtain a relative level of entrainment, where the heart’s rhythms were synchronized, a condition that was associated with reduced stress levels. Higher entrainment levels were considered “better.”
    Statistical results were disappointing, in that there was no significant correlation to the application of Reiki in HRV as measured by the Freeze Framer system. However, a number of potential reasons for this were explored and form the basis of recommendations for future research. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of Archetype Education and Analysis on Depression - Linda Marie Hutchins, ThD

    Approximately 20% of the population exhibits symptoms of depression. The objective of this one-group pretest-posttest study was to evaluate the effects of archetype education on depression in a group of participants (N=32) meeting the eligibility criteria for this study. Participants were involved in an intervention which assessed their most influential archetypal aspects, involved them in an educational process, and enabled them to learn how an archetype could be manifesting and affecting their behavior. Volunteers aged 18-70 were obtained through advertising and word-of-mouth, and had to be experiencing mild to chronic depression, either self-diagnosed or under a doctor’s care. The baseline for entry into the study was a score of at least 50 on the Zung Depression Test indicating at least mild depression. Prior to meeting for the education session, participants were provided with a package of information on archetypes, and pre-testing forms. Participants were evaluated in pre- and post-testing with a time period of at least one-month in-between for embracing the education. Participants engaged in at least one archetype education session and four follow-up phone calls which reinforced the use of information shared in the session. The study was built on the work of Dr. Caroline Myss and her book, Sacred Contracts. Depressed archetypes were determined through a placement evaluation questionnaire designed for the study. With increased understanding of the archetype identified as being depressed, participants learned the ways this archetype was maintaining its depressive state and then learned to modify that behavior. Results of post-testing (Zung and State Trait) indicate that understanding one’s archetypal characteristics has a significant impact (p > .001). .

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  • Abstract

    The Correlation Between Personal Mystical Experiences and Positive Levels of Self-Esteem in an Agricultural Population Over the Age of 60 - Genevieve Hangen, ThD

    Throughout time, individuals have described experiencing states of consciousness that go far beyond their ordinary perception. Such experiences can change the individual’s view of the world forever. These experiences tend to be ineffable, intense, and deeply moving. This study was designed to examine whether individuals over the age of sixty, who have been involved in farming or agriculture, have experienced a significant mystical event and whether this event is correlated with positive self-esteem. The 60 subjects included in this study were drawn from a population in rural Kansas. The Rosenberg Scale was administered to establish levels of self-esteem. Questions used to ascertain the occurrence of a significant mystical experience were taken from the 1974 National Opinion Research Center (NORC) survey of 1,500 American adults. In addition to completing the Rosenberg Scale and the mysticism scale from the NORC, participants were given the opportunity to talk about a mystical or significant experience in their lives. These interviews served as anecdotal evidence of the way participants are interpreting a mystical event and the type of mystical events experienced. Results indicate that 43% of the participants in this study experienced a mystical event as defined by the NORC question. There was no significant correlation between reporting a mystical experience and having positive self-esteem. However, there were several significant correlations between reporting a mystical experience, evidencing positive selfesteem, and experiencing descriptor items related to classical descriptions of mystical experience. 

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  • Abstract

    Free Radical Reduction Using Electro Stimulation of Acupuncture Needles on the Shealy Ring of Crystal - Susan Russell, ThD

    he purpose of this study was to statistically correlate the electro-stimulation of key acupuncture points with a reduction in free radicals and an improved emotional state. It built upon previous work conducted by Dr. C. Normal Shealy, but differed in several key areas. This experiment employed a different electro-stimulation than was used in Shealy’s experiments, and only a subset of the original points was stimulated with the electro-stimulation. Pre- and post-intervention free radical values were obtained by using an OxiData urinalysis test to measure the presence of malondialdehyde, a precursor to the free radical lipid peroxidase. OxiData was administered to all subjects before and after the experiment. The subjects’ stress levels were also measured using two tools. The first was a mechanical measurement of the conductivity of key acupuncture points using an MSA-21, a recognized tool for acupuncture practices. The second was a battery of self-assessment tests whose results were then interpreted by the principal investigator.
    More than eighty subjects were used in this test. Respondents covered a wide diversity in ages and backgrounds, although seventy-two percent of them were female. The intervention group received three acupuncture treatments (one per day over three consecutive days) along specific acupuncture points known as the Shealy Ring of Crystal. These were a combination of needling and electro-stimulation. Both the intervention group and control group received lectures and teaching materials about free radicals and acupuncture. Both were also tested at the same time for the presence of free radicals and a measurement of stress levels. Pre-treatment values were compared with post-treatment values.
    Statistical data were mixed. OxiData results indicated a trend (p=0.11), but did not show a close statistical significance. The MSA-21 Bio-Meridian stress test was used to assess the variance of energetic values linked to emotional values. Three out of more than 20 test combinations indicated a statistical significance, correlating reductions of stress to the intervention treatment. However, these reductions were not detected in the self-assessment evaluations. .

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  • Abstract

    Body Harmonization© Using Body Wisdom to Evaluate and Address Anxiety and Depression.- Karin V. Cremasco, PhD, ThD

    This study examined changes in levels of anxiety and depression, using a selection of specific energy balancing techniques called Body Harmonization©. A protocol was followed for each individual using muscle testing (kinesiology). The study consisted of a 2-period, 2 intervention crossover design. In Period 1, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale were administered to 86 subjects who had previous experience with a specific energy balancing technique. The dependant measurements were completed before and after the interventions, as well as one-week post-session. Group 1 received Intervention A, a Body Harmonization energy balancing session. Group 2 received Intervention B, an Education Session. After a six to ten month period, 74 subjects returned and the dependent measurements were once again completed. In Period 2, Group 1 received Intervention B, and Group 2 received Intervention A. Body Harmonization intervention yielded statistically significant differences in lowering state and trait anxiety, and depression. Body Harmonization scores were lower relative to Education Session scores for depression and remained stable over a period of at least 6 months (p=.0001). Additional findings are also presented. Implications and future research recommendations are included.
    Keywords: body wisdom, energy balancing, Body Harmonization©, BOS™ (Biocomputer Operating System™), BES™ (Biocomputer Emotional Spiritual™) technique, Inner Counselor™, TBM™ (Total Body Modification™), BAT™ (Body Alignment Technique™), STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), SDS (Self-rating Depression Scale) .

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2003

  • The Raphaelite Work: A Project in lieu of Dissertation- Himayat Inayati, ThD

    The Raphaelite Work: The archangel for which this work is named is the angel of pilgrimage, healing, and science. The gift of the Raphaelite Work is that it orients both healing and evolution toward the sacred. In the creation of somatic and boundless space, in the orientation to the various modes of Divine Intelligence implicit in those conditions of space, the portals between the eternal and the temporal are once again opened. Through the Raphaelite Work a person can discover his or her illness as a great initiation. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Hypnosis on Weight Loss - Susan Elizabeth Baroni, ThD

    The number of overweight and obese Americans is increasing at an alarming rate every year in the United States. Both men and woman are visiting weight loss clinics, buying weight loss products, and electing for various forms of surgery to either decrease the bulges or limit food intake. American women, in particular, have more pressure on them, than men do, to lose weight, partly due to the influences of the media. Whether it be radio, television, or print ads, women are bombarded daily with weight loss sales hype.
    For many women, being hypnotized to lose weight seems like an easy and painless alternative to feeling hungry while dieting or going through the pain and danger of surgery. This study hypothesized that one session of hypnosis directed at weight loss would cause the female participants in the study to lose both pounds and inches within a 90 day intervention period. The participants were given an audiotape of the session to take home. Each participant was instructed to listen to the audiotape once per day and record the session on a diary sheet. Compliance was low.
    In this study, pounds and inches were measured in 13 women between the ages of 38 to 63 years before and after one hypnosis intervention. There was no noticeable weight loss at the end of the intervention period. Concurring with the review of literature, it is believed that a cognitive-behavioral therapy used in conjunction with the hypnosis intervention should allow for the desired weight loss to occur. Recommendations for future research are discussed. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effects a Transformational “Science of Mind” Educational Program has on Overall Health and Well-Being - Stephanie Stanfield, ThD

    This study explored the link between an educational program of mindbody integration and measurably improved health. Pretest data of the Short Form-36 and the Personal Orientation Inventory were collected prior to participation in the Creative Healing© program; posttest at the completion.
    The participant group attended Creative Healing©, consisting of 3 classroom hours per week for 12 weeks. The Creative Healing© program includes didactic lectures on various mindbody theories, pain management theories, imagery, and intention statements. Program exercises include breathing exercises, body scans, imagery, and a Daily Integral Practice sheet.
    Findings indicate that although no significant difference between groups existed at the onset of the project, significant differences were present at program completion. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of Photo-Stimulation on the Autonomic Nervous System as Measured by Ratios of Heart Rate Variability - Julie Penick, ThD

    A study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of photo-stimulation on the autonomic nervous system as measured by entrainment ratios of heart rate variability (HRV). Sixty subjects were recruited through both a primary care clinical practice setting and personal contacts. Exclusion criteria included known seizure disorder or activity and use of certain medications, specifically beta blockers and calcium channel blockers. After completing a health screening tool and signing an informed consent, eligible subjects were randomized into control verses intervention group by means of drawing a piece of paper from a can that had printed on it either the word “star” [signifying control group assignment] or the word “balloon” [signifying intervention group assignment]. The can contained a total of sixty pieces of paper, thirty with the word star and thirty with the word balloon on them. A baseline recording of HRV of fifteen minutes duration, utilizing the Freeze Framer™ program was obtained on each subject. Following the baseline recording, the intervention group used a brain wave synchronizer (BWS), a form of photo-stimulation, set at the lowest frequency (theta) and the lowest illumination with their eyes closed for fifteen minutes while their HRV was measured for another fifteen minute session. The hypothesis tested was: Utilization of BWS for fifteen minutes, as a passive method of balancing the autonomic nervous system (ANS), will result in a shift to higher ratio levels of entrainment of HRV. Analysis of the data does not support acceptance of the hypothesis. While some subjects in the intervention group achieved a shift to higher levels of entrainment of HRV, the majority did not. .

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  • Abstract

    Psycho-spiritual Effects of the Inner Counselor Process ™ Seminar on Adults. - Lana J. Marconi, ThD

    The present study explores the relationship between the Inner Counselor™ Seminar (ICS) experience and adult psycho-spiritual growth. The Transpersonal Integration Survey (TIS) and the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) were used as pre test and post test measures of change. Both inventories were administered within a two month period before the ICS experience and a two month period after. In addition, a third survey, the Evaluation and Anecdotal Survey (EAS), developed by the researcher and her advisor, Dr. Ann Nunley, was administered as a descriptive post measure. The EAS asks participants to evaluate subjectively the effects of the Inner Counselor™ Seminar. A total of 21 adult learners who participated in two Inner Counselor™ seminars (Group one with 11 persons; Group two with 10 persons) were used as subjects. Both four-and-a-half-day (35 hour) seminars took place in Kansas. In addition, a third group of five adult learners who participated in a two-and-a-half-day (18 hour) Inner Counselor™ seminar presented in Ontario, Canada were used as subjects. The three research groups were pooled together, making a combined group of 26 participants. As measured by the POI and the TIS, the ICS has a statistically significant effect on psycho-spiritual growth of adult participants at the .05 level. The EAS corroborated the assumption that participants' perceived changes were similar to the changes as measured by the POI and the TIS. The study concludes with extensive suggestions for further research. 

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  • Abstract

    Hanna Kroeger’s Hands-on-Healing Procedures, Products, and Theories - an approach to Anxiety, Depression, and Total Symptoms - Ginger Bowler, ThD

    This study looked at the efficacy of Hanna Kroeger's teachings as examined by measuring changes in levels of symptoms, anxiety and depression. The test participants attended a six-hour seminar on Hanna Kroeger's basic teachings. Each participant received (from a fellow student) and administered, one simple "hands on healing" procedure to balance the "Electromagnetic Body," all participated in setting their own hips (making sure the basis of their skeletal system the hips/ pelvis were set) by participating in a "do it yourself procedure," and all were dowsed for and offered seven Hands on Healing/ Body Alignment Procedures. At the end of the seminar each participant was dowsed for and given free of charge (with no obligation on their part to ingest) herbal and vibropathic™ remedies from Hanna Kroeger's line of products. At the Introductory Appointment Study participants were allowed to choose which group they wanted to participate in but were not told which ones were test or control groups. 57 participants finished the study participating in one of three groups, all of which were tested multiple times using the STAI, ZUNG and a SYMPTOM INDEX TEST. After 4 weeks, the time period during which the participants had the opportunity to imbibe what they had learned, making changes in their lives, as well as taking the herbal and Vibropathic™ remedies, there was dramatic improvements , significant at p=.01, in 3 out of 4 measures: the levels of State Anxiety, Depression and Symptoms. Marginally significant improvement, p=.06, was demonstrated in Trait Anxiety. In conclusion, further research on the potential impact of Hanna Kroeger's seminars and products is needed and warranted. This research seemed to demonstrate relief from overall symptoms, anxiety and depression for test subject participating in a 6 hour seminar/ intervention and taking supplements. .

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  • Abstract

    Depression:  The Effects of Vibraional Frequency Measured Through Darkfield Analysis - Marilyn N. Parkin, ThD

    This study was conducted to determine the effects of sound vibration on individuals with depression. The study also examined changes to the blood cells as observed through live blood analysis when the intervention of vibratory frequencies ranged from 64Hz to 600Hz. Variables consisted of a time frame of one hour of control group (n=17) listening to music from the position of a chair in a contained room, and experimental group (n=27) positioned on a sound vibrational treatment table. The random study was conducted on 7 males and 37 females with a minimal six-month diagnosis of depression. Measurement was accomplished through evaluation of live blood analysis level of aggregation and Profile of Mood States questionnaire for depression. A drop of blood from a finger puncture was obtained and examined through Darkfield microscopy for specific quality and level of visible clumping. Post blood analysis determined less clumping and healthier activity of the cells after intervention in the experimental group. The live blood analysis of the control group remained unchanged. Profile of Mood States for Depression indicated there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups. Results indicated an increase in mood state from the use of music and blood aggregation was reduced only with the sound vibrational treatment table. .

     

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of Toning and Quartz Crystal Bowls on the Energetic Balance of the Body - Laquita Joy Allen, ThD

    This study explored the effects of toning with a Marcel Vogel crystal and the playing of a quartz crystal bowl on the energetic balance in the body, as measured electrically through the acupuncture meridians. Forty-two subjects were told they were participating in a study of the effects of sound on the body, as measured on the Asyra., a computerized electronic electrodermal instrument measuring the subjects’ energetic reading of the acupuncture meridians under exposure to low voltage electric frequencies. Readings were taken at 40 access points for acupuncture meridians on the fingers and toes. Two readings were taken at five-minute intervals prior to the two interventions to establish an average baseline and a control for each subject. A third and fourth reading were taken after each subject experienced both conditions: A) Toning by the Principal Investigator holding a Marcel Vogel Crystal to chakra points on the subject’s back; B) The playing of a quartz crystal bowl tuned to the musical note “F”, corresponding metaphysically to the heart chakra. Results indicate that listening to both toning and the playing of the quartz crystal bowl produce changes in the energetic patterns as measured on the Asyra.. Analysis of means for all subjects across time indicate a significant increase in energetic readings on the left hand after toning with p < .05, and a significant decrease in energetic readings of the right foot following crystal bowl sounds, p < .01. Analysis of variance comparing interaction of order effect indicates a significant effect of the order of sequence of conditions in the left hand meridians with toning first and crystal bowl sounds second, p < .05. .

     

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  • Abstract

    The Effects of a Specifically Designed Workbook on Burden of Care, Problem Solving, and Depression in Alzheimer’s or Dementia Caregivers - Elizabeth Harwood Cochran, ThD

    Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a chronic, long-term, debilitating, disease that currently affects millions of people worldwide. Most of the people afflicted with this disease are cared for in the home setting by family members and don't have access to formal community education. Due to the erratic behavioral responses and steady declines in self-care abilities of persons with AD, caregivers face high degrees of physical and psychological stress. With limited options and choices, caregivers fall back on behaviors that do not preserve self-care behaviors in the person with AD, which adds to their stress. The AD workbook, designed by the author for this study, allows caregivers to plot the current abilities and future declines of the person they are caring for in the holistic mental, emotional, physical, social, and spiritual domains. This methodology provides the caregiver with choices that can be matched to individual needs and utilized as problem-solving modalities.
    This study tested the hypothesis that the use of this self-directed holistic health workbook would decrease the perceived burden of care and levels of depression as well as increase positive perceptions of problem-solving skills in home caregivers of persons with AD. Forty-nine volunteer caregivers were randomly assigned to either a treatment group or a control wait-list for the program. Subjects in the treatment group were given a copy of the Alzheimer's Holistic Workbook and an instruction sheet. All caregivers were given pre- and post-test measures on Novak and Guest's Caregiver Burden Inventory, Heppner's Problem solving Inventory, and Zung's Depression Scale. The results, although not statistically significant did indicate trends toward reductions in burden and improvements in the perception of problem solving abilities. No significant reduction was found in levels of depression, but this sample was not highly depressed on pre-test-only 34% of the sample had some level of depression and 66% of that was mild. There were anecdotal reports of positive experiences in a number of the experimental participants. The lack of significance may be due to random sampling without controlling for either readiness to learn or the threshold of emotional engagement needed to accept new information and adopt new ways of conceptualizing care. .

     

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  • Abstract

    Human Energy Fields Before and After Stimulation of the Shealy Rings of Fire, Earth, Water, Air, and Crystal - Barbara A. Haydon, ThD

    The present research explores the human energetic field change in the human body after the electrical stimulus of Dr. C. Norman Shealy's Rings of Fire, Earth, Air, Water, and Crystal are applied, using the SheLi TENS stimulator. In addition, a control group of non-acupuncture points is also compared to the rings' analysis. The Gas Discharge Visualization Bioelectrography (BEO-GDV) instrument was used to measure the change in the human energy field. The rings of acupuncture points produce specific hormones in the body with stimulation of the points with the SheLi Tens. The present study compares the five rings and their respective electro magnetic energy fields. A group of non-acupuncture points was administered as a test to establish a control group. Stimulation of each ring was evaluated separately, with at least one week between testing. The GDV camera did a measurement of the fingertips with and without a filter, which resulted in a diagram of the JS integer. Then the SheLi TENS stimulator device was used to stimulate the acupuncture points of the rings for five minutes. Only one ring was administered on a given day for each volunteer. After all the electrodes were removed, the energy field was again tested, using the same technique as the baseline. Fifty-five to sixty volunteers were tested in each ring. Sixty-one volunteers participated in the control test of non-acupuncture points. The age range was 21 to 80 years. Each subject was given a personal health history questionnaire and symptom index questionnaire to determine their current health status. The pre-treatment numbers were compared to the post-treatment numbers. A statistical change was detected in the Rings of Water, Earth, Crystal, and Air without a filter both right and left hands. No statistical change was detected for the Ring of Fire with or without a filter. Statistically significant changes in the energy field with a filter included the Ring of Crystal left hand and Ring of Earth right hand. The rings of Air and Water had no statistical significant change with a filter. The control showed no statistical significant change with or without a filter. The electrical stimulation of the acupuncture points moved the electromagnetic energy toward a balance point. Another analysis showed the tendency of the electromagnetic field in the body to move toward homeostasis or a balance point after stimulation of the acupuncture points. .

     

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2002

  • Abstract

    An Integral Energy Medicine Model for Understanding the Vascular Autonomic Signal - Muriel Agnes, ThD

    The Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) is a physiological response of the neurovascular system of the body to information being brought into its energy field. This response can be manually felt as a pulse change on the wall of the radial artery. The discovery of the VAS by Dr. Paul Nogier in 1966 brought an energetic diagnostic tool to the world, the science of which is not fully understood, and the potential of which has yet to be fully realized. Dr. Nogier believed that the nature of the human body is that we are highly sensitive and powerful instruments, responsive to subtle energy changes. The VAS seems to be a physiological "readout" of this sensitivity, transducing the subtle energy into a physical form that can be detected by a practitioner and used to identify what is energetically out of balance and how best to intervene.
    In this dissertation, the VAS is studied from an Integral Energy Medicine approach enabling a more expansive and wholistic view of just how potent and effective is this diagnostic tool. Specifically, this study explores both experiential knowledge and theorized mechanisms to facilitate a better understanding of how the VAS can offer such refined information on a person's symptomatic as well as deep causal pathology. This information is explored through four venues: a literature review that develops an historical and cultural context for the VAS; an exploration of current physiological as well as subtle energetic theories; communications with currently practicing practitioners; and a clinical demonstration of the effectiveness of the VAS in directing acupuncture needles to points for the relief of chronic pain. In the clinical trial, a single treatment of VAS-directed auricular acupuncture resulted in immediate pain reduction in 85% of the cases, with an average pain reduction of all participants of 2.7 points on a 0 to 10 visual analogue scale. As well, an 84% consistency rate was found between two separate mappings of the dominant points indicated by the VAS to be the most important points for treatment.
    The author presents the case that with an enhanced framework of understanding the VAS, the potential of the field of auricular medicine may become more realized. .

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  • Abstract

    The Relationship Between Spirit and Matter: Can Shamanism Help Us Heal? - Mara Bishop, ThD

    This thesis explores the relationship between spirit and matter, specifically in relation to shamanic and spiritual healing. Shamanism provides a valuable example for several reasons: shamanic healing is practiced throughout the world, the techniques of disparate cultures are surprisingly similar, and it can be used in conjunction with allopathic techniques. Shamanic healing is based on principles of animism, on entering altered states of consciousness, and on working directly with spirit assistance. The cosmologies, mythologies, beliefs about the afterlife and daily practices of shamanic cultures are discussed. Methods of diagnosis are reviewed, as are specific healing therapies, including soul retrieval, extraction, power animal retrieval, laying on of hands, and psychopomp work. Other factors that are important to successful healing, including the compassion of the healer and the power of sound and language when used by the shaman, are reviewed.
    Information from scholars and anthropologists regarding the spiritual basis of shamanic healing and shamanic beliefs concerning health is discussed. The work of contemporary practitioners, both native healers and core shamanic practitioners, is examined. Scientific studies measuring the effects of shamanic healing on human bodies and bodies of water are reviewed.
    The shamanic concept of living in harmony with nature is discussed in relation to the recent movement called ecological medicine. The scientists involved in this movement are investigating a view of health based on the importance of living in balance with ourselves, each other, and our environment. This is a quintessentially shamanic philosophy. By combining the ancient spiritual beliefs and techniques of the shamans with the awareness and technical skills of modern doctors and scientists, we can begin to create a bridge between science and spirituality, between traditional healing practices and allopathic methods, and between our bodies and our spirits. .

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  • Abstract

    The Effect of Music and Focused Meditation on the Human Energy Field as Measured by Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) and Profile of Mood States (POMS) - Suzanne Sites Gibson, M.S.W., L.C.S.W., ThD

    The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of music and focused meditation on the human energy field as measured by the recently invented Gas Discharge Visualisation Technique (GDV) the Profile of Mood State (POMS). Once a week for three weeks 45 participants had GDV and POMS measurements taken before and after three experimental conditions: 1) music; 2) music with focused meditation after viewing a printout of the participant's own personal energy field; 3) no music, no focused meditation. The results indicate that both music and focused meditation had significant palliative effects on GDV physiological and POMS psychological measures. The POMS total score, and subscales of tension and depression scores all demonstrated a significantly improved mood state. The results of this study lend credence to the salutary effect of music and focused meditation as holistic medicine self-care tools both for maintaining wellness and for cultivating a healing environment. Perhaps both listening to music and focused meditation on strengthening one's personal energy field on a daily basis will join the accepted health care regimens of adequate diet and regular exercise. Both interventions of listening to music and energy field imaging increase the repertoire of response in self-care -- empowering individuals with readily available methods. Future experiments should focus on improved methodology and designing additional methods for participants to improve their own wellness. .

     

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  • Abstract

    Integrative Health Practices in the Aging: DHEA; Exercise; Grace Therapy; and Self-Actualization - Jayne Selby, ThD

    Integrative Health Practices in the Aging: DHEA, Exercise, Grace Therapy, and Self-Actualization
    The purpose of this experimental study was to examine and compare the holistic relationship and potential correlation between integrative practices representing physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health in men and women ages 65 to 75. The blood assay of the human steroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) was the dependent and repeat measure in this pretest and posttest, double-blind experiment with control group. Seventy-seven participants were selected through stratified random sampling based on gender and their exercise or non-exercise status, which represented the physical healthy practice in the study. The participants were randomly assigned to experiment and test groups. Grace therapy, a form of holistic intercessory, uniformed, and non-specific meditative prayer, was the intervening variable representing spirit. Thirty-four grace therapists, 14 in Memphis, TN and 20 in Seattle, WA, conveyed grace therapy to randomly assigned participants in the experimental group during the course of 7 days between the pretest and posttest DHEA sampling. Self-actualization, the psychological and emotional measure, was then evaluated through the administration of the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI). Two areas of statistical significance and a possible trend were indicated. The first finding of significance was that the women who exercised prior to and throughout the study, in both the control and experimental groups, demonstrated a higher level of DHEA than the women who did not exercise or the men who exercised or did not exercise prior to and throughout the study. This was statistically significant at the alpha level of .05. The second finding of significance was the men and women who exercised prior to and throughout the study, in both the control and experimental groups, demonstrated a higher association with the Nature of Man Constructive (Nc) scale of the POI than those men and women who did not exercise prior and throughout the study. This was also significant at the alpha level of .05. Third, given the small sample size, there appeared to be a potential trend developing in the movement of the DHEA levels of those men and women who exercised prior to and throughout the study who also received the grace therapy treatment. The findings indicate an opportunity for expanded, future study using a larger sample to evaluate potential correlations. .

     

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  • Abstract

    Correlations Between Checklists of Health Issues and Illness, Ayurvedic Constitutional Analysis, Blood Type, and Intuitive Assessment - Janet. M. Bailey,ThD

     

    This study was undertaken in the context of two emerging fields in modern western medicine: energy medicine and medical intuition.  The study expands the existing research by the introduction of a new variable into these two fields; individual blood type and medical intuitive assessment of blood type.  The dissertation explores and illuminates possible energetic dynamics that influence illness and disease, and strives to deep the case for integration of energy medicine into the practice of medicine, psychology, and health care.  Particular emphasis is place on the potential for preventative emotional, psychological, spiritual and physical health care.

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  • Abstract

    The Equivalence in Hara Assessments Using the Brennan Healing Science Model - Sandra R. Egli, ThD

    In the subtle energy model underlying Brennan Healing Science (BHS ) the hara is perceived as the dimension of "intentionality" in that it holds the human body in material manifestation until the life purpose is fulfilled. The hara also embodies the knowledge and longing of the individual to fulfill his life purpose. When the hara is healthy, the individual acts naturally and effortlessly to fulfill his life purpose. When defined in this way, the hara becomes the foundation for the human energy field (HEF), or aura. Because of this relationship, healing the hara is considered especially powerful for healing the auric field and, thereby, the physical body.
    This research project investigated the consistency between haric assessments made by one group of healers trained and experienced in working with the conceptual construct of the hara as described by Brennan Healing Science (BHS).
    Fifteen subjects volunteered to be a part of this study. Sixteen professional healers, all graduates of the Barbara Brennan School of Healing , assessed the hara of each of these fifteen individuals otherwise unknown to them. This amounted to a total of 240 assessments in all. The assessments were made using intuitive perception. Healers received a full-length photograph, subject's first name and last name initial, city of residence, and the date and time the photograph was taken. The healers used a standardized assessment form. Their responses were statistically analyzed for consistency. .

     

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2001

  • Abstract

    The Power of Image:  The Gift of Grace - Mary J Davis-Grant, PhD

    During the late 1980's, I suffered from chronic physical pain. Over a seven-year period, using Biogenics, I experienced an extraordinary holistic recovery mediated by spontaneous waking dreams that were filled with archetypal images. This study addresses this specific research question: Is it possible to track the interaction of the archetypal images on my body=s chakra energy system accessed through Biogenics with the holistic healing I experienced? This research process is an analysis of 41 of the 500 waking dreams that I recorded over the seven years of healing (2,500 days). These dreams were selected for the degree of personal impact they had on me, and how representative they were of the recurring themes and archetypal images. They were selected before the following analytical procedure was constructed. The date of the waking dream is given so its chronology and progression is clear; second, the waking dream is described; third, I discuss the archetypal image and its effect on me (physically, psychologically, and/or spiritually) and the issues in my life it addresses; fourth, I identify and discuss the chakras affected. A summary of each waking dream is provided. The results of this analysis suggest that the healing process progressed through physical, psychological, and spiritual issues, and that each level of healing occurred while I was experiencing a progression of waking dreams which moved from predominately tribal archetypal images to spiritual archetypal images. The chakras affected tended to move from activity in the lower chakras to the upper chakras. A strong case suggests that the answer to the research question is Yes, the healing I experienced can be traced to the interaction of archetypal images with my chakra energy system. Three major implications of the study are: (1) that healing can be accessed through imagery: (2) that archetypal healing could become a significant partner with many other healing modalities for many dis-eases: and (3) that Biogenics, which provides a safe, drug-free method of pain and stress management, can serve as the catalyst for archetypal healing. Recommendations for further study are given. .

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  • The Effects of Guided Imagery and Music on Anxiety - Michele A.Bertini, ThD

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  • Abstract

    Psycho-Physiological Effects of Vestibular and Audio Stimulation:  The Trinity Table - Margaret A. Clench, R.N., ThD

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of vestibular and audio stimulation through the use of music and the Trinity Table , a horizontal motion machine, on psychophysiological changes and perception of altered states of consciousness in average adults. The study used a protocol to compare subject responses to two types of experiences using the Trinity Table . Each adult subject had two separate rides, one with the table turning counterclockwise and the other with the table turning clockwise. The study investigated if changes occurred as a result of experiencing a ride on the Trinity Table and whether direction of turn had an impact on those changes. Measurements of blood pressure, pulse, and temperature were taken both before and after the rides, as well as measures of mood state, conscious state, and health profile of the subject. The study of 60 table experiences included 30 volunteers, 21 women, and 9 men between the ages of 37 and 76, who had never before ridden the Trinity Table . The results showed no significant relation between rotation and effect, but both rotations produced physiologic results of reductions in systolic blood pressure. Post hoc analysis of measurements on the Profile of Mood States (POMS) survey indicated different changes between the two trials. Changes during trial one included reductions in anger, confusion, tension, depression and fatigue. Trial one also reflected different results in the responses to the Standard Form 8 (SF8) Health Survey, which showed less conflict with emotional problems and overall mental health improvement. Trial Two had reductions in anger, depression and fatigue. SF8 responses also reflected improvement in limitations in physical function, and if pain was reported before the ride, responses after showed reductions of that pain. The study found through participants' written narratives, that all of them experienced changes in altered states of consciousness, as measured by Dr. Arnold Ludwig's features of altered states. .

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  • Abstract

    Examination of a Subtle Energy Transduction Device on Anxiety Levels of Students in a Public School Setting: The Clarus QLink Clearwave - David Aaron Eichler, PhD

    This study examined the effects of the Clarus QLink ClearWave, a subtle energy transduction device, on anxiety levels of students and teachers in a public school setting. Since anxiety may be caused by exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs), it is thought that by decreasing EMFs in the environment, anxiety in turn may be reduced. Quantitative measures used were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children. Findings indicate statistically significant differences (at p+.08) of state anxiety levels for students in the treatment condition group. No statistically significant differences were found for trait anxiety levels between the treatment and control conditions. Conclusions and possible implications are discussed relating to future research in this area. .

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